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Article

Inter-Visit Reliability of Smooth Pursuit Neck Torsion Test in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain and Healthy Individuals

1
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Centre, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Landspitali University Hospital, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fabio Manfredini
Diagnostics 2021, 11(5), 752; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11050752
Received: 19 March 2021 / Revised: 19 April 2021 / Accepted: 20 April 2021 / Published: 22 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Point-of-Care Diagnostics and Devices)
Visual disturbances are commonly reported in patients with neck pain. Smooth pursuit neck torsion (SPNT) test performed in neutral position and with trunk rotated under the stationary head has been used to discriminate between those with cervical component and those without. However, no studies investigated the reliability of the SPNT-test in patients with chronic neck pain and healthy controls. The aim of this study was to assess inter-visit reliability of the SPNT-test while applying different amplitudes and velocities of target movement. Thirty-two controls and thirty-one patients were enrolled in the study. The SPNT-test was performed in neutral position and through 45° torsion positions. The test was performed at 20°/s, 30°/s and 40°/s velocities and at 30°, 40° and 50° amplitudes of cyclic sinusoidal target movements. Interclass correlation coefficient and smallest detectable change were calculated for parameters of gain and SPNT-differences. In patients, moderate to good reliability was observed for gain at 40° and 50° amplitudes and for 20°/s and 30°/s velocities, while moderate to excellent reliability for gain was observed in controls. Both groups presented with moderate to good reliability for SPNT-difference. Our findings imply that amplitudes of 40° and 50° and velocities of 20°/s and 30°/s are the most reliable and should be applied in future studies assessing oculomotor functions during the SPNT test. View Full-Text
Keywords: smooth pursuit neck torsion test; neck pain; reliability; oculomotor functions smooth pursuit neck torsion test; neck pain; reliability; oculomotor functions
MDPI and ACS Style

Majcen Rosker, Z.; Vodicar, M.; Kristjansson, E. Inter-Visit Reliability of Smooth Pursuit Neck Torsion Test in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain and Healthy Individuals. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 752. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11050752

AMA Style

Majcen Rosker Z, Vodicar M, Kristjansson E. Inter-Visit Reliability of Smooth Pursuit Neck Torsion Test in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain and Healthy Individuals. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(5):752. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11050752

Chicago/Turabian Style

Majcen Rosker, Ziva, Miha Vodicar, and Eythor Kristjansson. 2021. "Inter-Visit Reliability of Smooth Pursuit Neck Torsion Test in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain and Healthy Individuals" Diagnostics 11, no. 5: 752. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11050752

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