# “In Space” or “As Space”?: A New Model

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## Abstract

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## 1. Introduction

## 2. Simulations and Analysis

#### 2.1. Introduction and Simulations

#### 2.2. Simulations

**Figure 1.**Summary of spatial projection simulations for matrix configurations of dimension 3 × 3 through 6 × 6. Circled numbers refer to data at the right margin giving the number of simulations in each test and the standard deviations accompanying the mean values plotted. The plotted numbers are the two mmr and two mamr values obtained at each dimensionality (= “no. of classes in classification”). Colored line coding connecting points is for readability purposes only. Point values 17 through 20 are compiled from subsets of the data leading to point values 2, 6, 10, and 14, respectively. See text for further explanation.

#### 2.3. Kentucky Stream Basins Analysis

**Figure 2.**Summary of variation explained statistics obtained for the clustering of the stream basins data (vectors) into two through six classes. The plotted points are the mean (n = 31) variations-explained for each classification, at three fineness levels of sampling. Colored line coding connecting points is for readability purposes only.

**Figure 3.**Summary of spatial subsystemization properties of topography in 31 Kentucky stream basins, based on three fineness levels of sampling. The plotted values in the top three sets of four points are the mamr values; those in the bottom three are the mmr values. The associated standard deviations are written out next to each plotted value. Colored line coding connecting points is for readability purposes only. The results as displayed here are in marked contrast to the simulation results shown in Figure 1, suggesting that the spatial expression of the basins is related to a functional (not just statistically described) subsystemization process.

## 3. Discussion

## Acknowledgements

## References and Notes

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**MDPI and ACS Style**

Smith, C.H.; Derr, M. “In Space” or “As Space”?: A New Model. *Life* **2012**, *2*, 243-254.
https://doi.org/10.3390/life2030243

**AMA Style**

Smith CH, Derr M. “In Space” or “As Space”?: A New Model. *Life*. 2012; 2(3):243-254.
https://doi.org/10.3390/life2030243

**Chicago/Turabian Style**

Smith, Charles H., and Megan Derr. 2012. "“In Space” or “As Space”?: A New Model" *Life* 2, no. 3: 243-254.
https://doi.org/10.3390/life2030243