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Review

Effects of Altitude on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients: Risks and Care

1
CHU Nantes, Service de Médecine Physique et Réadapatation Locomotrice et Respiratoire, 44093 Nantes, France
2
CHU Nantes, Service de Médecine du Sport, 44093 Nantes, France
3
IRMS, Institut Régional de Médecine du Sport, 44093 Nantes, France
4
Inserm, UMR 1229, RMeS, Regenerative Medicine and Skeleton, Université de Nantes, ONIRIS, 44042 Nantes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the manuscript.
Academic Editor: Jean-Paul Richalet
Life 2021, 11(8), 798; https://doi.org/10.3390/life11080798
Received: 9 July 2021 / Revised: 28 July 2021 / Accepted: 5 August 2021 / Published: 7 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cellular and Functional Response to Hypoxia)
Air travel and altitude stays have become increasingly frequent within the overall population but also in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is the most common respiratory disease worldwide. While altitude is well tolerated by most individuals, COPD patients are exposed to some serious complications, that could be life-threatening. COPD patients present not only a respiratory illness but also frequent comorbidities. Beyond oxygen desaturation, it also affects respiratory mechanics, and those patients are at high risk to decompensate a cardiac condition, pulmonary hypertension, or a sleep disorder. Recently, there has been considerable progress in the management of this disease. Nocturnal oxygen therapy, inhaled medications, corticosteroids, inspiratory muscle training, and pulmonary rehabilitation are practical tools that must be developed in the comprehensive care of those patients so as to enable them to afford altitude stays. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; hypoxemia; altitude; air travel chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; hypoxemia; altitude; air travel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Georges, T.; Le Blanc, C.; Ferreol, S.; Menu, P.; Dauty, M.; Fouasson-Chailloux, A. Effects of Altitude on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients: Risks and Care. Life 2021, 11, 798. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11080798

AMA Style

Georges T, Le Blanc C, Ferreol S, Menu P, Dauty M, Fouasson-Chailloux A. Effects of Altitude on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients: Risks and Care. Life. 2021; 11(8):798. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11080798

Chicago/Turabian Style

Georges, Thomas, Camille Le Blanc, Sophie Ferreol, Pierre Menu, Marc Dauty, and Alban Fouasson-Chailloux. 2021. "Effects of Altitude on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients: Risks and Care" Life 11, no. 8: 798. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11080798

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