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Open AccessArticle

Performance Evaluation of a Prototyped Breadfruit Seed Dehulling Machine

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P.M.B. 5025, Akwa, 420211, Anambra State, Nigeria
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Academic Editor: Ganesh Bora
Machines 2016, 4(2), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines4020011
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 25 April 2016 / Accepted: 3 May 2016 / Published: 6 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Machinery)
The drudgery involved in dehulling breadfruit seed by traditional methods has been highlighted as one of the major problems hindering the realization of the full potential of breadfruit as a field to food material. This paper describes a development in an African breadfruit seed dehulling machine with increased throughput of about 70% above reported machines. The machine consists of a 20 mm diameter shaft, carrying a spiral wound around its circumference (feeder). The feeder provides the required rotational motion and turns a circular disk that rotates against a fixed disk. The two disks can be adjusted to maintain a pre-determined gap for dehulling. An inbuilt drying unit reduces the moisture content of the breadfruit for easy separation of the cotyledon from the endosperm immediately after the dehulling process. The sifting unit that separates the shell from the seed is achieved in this design with an electric fan. The machine is design to run at a speed of 250 rpm with an electric motor as the prime mover. The dehulling efficiency up to 86% and breakage of less than 1.3% was obtained at a clearance setting of 12.4 mm between disks. A sifting efficiency of 100% was achieved. Based on the design diameter and clearance between the dehulling disks, the machine throughput was 216 kg/h with an electric power requirement of 1.207 kW. View Full-Text
Keywords: African breadfruit seeds processing; modular design; increased machine throughput; heating element enabled separation unit African breadfruit seeds processing; modular design; increased machine throughput; heating element enabled separation unit
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MDPI and ACS Style

Anosike, N.; Brown, E.; Maduka, C. Performance Evaluation of a Prototyped Breadfruit Seed Dehulling Machine. Machines 2016, 4, 11.

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