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Preparation of Modified Montmorillonite and Its Application to Rare Earth Adsorption

Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
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Minerals 2019, 9(12), 747; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9120747
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 28 November 2019 / Accepted: 29 November 2019 / Published: 30 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mineral Processing and Metallurgy)
Montmorillonite, the major clay mineral in the tailings of weathered crust elution-deposited rare earth ores, was modified as an excellent adsorbent to enrich rare earth ions from solutions. It was demonstrated that 5% H2SO4 could be used as a modifier to effectively enhance the adsorption capacity of montmorillonite after modifying for 3 h with a liquid:solid ratio of 40:1 at 90 °C. A superior modified montmorillonite over montmorillonite on adsorption performance was analyzed by the XRD, FT-IR, SEM, and BET (Specific Surface Area and Pore Diameter Analysis). The adsorption behaviors of La3+ and Y3+ on modified montmorillonite were fitted well with the Langmuir isotherm model and their saturated adsorption capacities were 0.178 mmol/g to La3+ and 0.182 mmol/g to Y3+, respectively. Furthermore, (NH4)2SO4 as a common leaching agent in weathered crust elution-deposited rare earth ores, were successfully used as the eluent to recover the adsorbed rare earth ions. View Full-Text
Keywords: rare earth; montmorillonite; adsorption; elution rare earth; montmorillonite; adsorption; elution
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Liu, X.; Zhou, F.; Chi, R.; Feng, J.; Ding, Y.; Liu, Q. Preparation of Modified Montmorillonite and Its Application to Rare Earth Adsorption. Minerals 2019, 9, 747.

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