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Minerals 2018, 8(4), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8040172

Effect of Sodium Sulfite on Floatability of Chalcopyrite and Molybdenite

Department of Earth Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
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Received: 14 March 2018 / Revised: 15 April 2018 / Accepted: 16 April 2018 / Published: 22 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flotation Chemistry)
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Abstract

Sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) is commonly used as a copper depressant in the selective flotation of copper and molybdenum ores. However, the process is facing health and safety issues because NaHS readily yields toxic hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S) under acidic conditions. In this study, Na2SO3 was proposed as an alternative copper depressant. The effect of Na2SO3 on the surface wettability and floatability of chalcopyrite and molybdenite—typical copper and molybdenum minerals, respectively—was intensively studied using contact angle measurements and flotation tests. Contact angle readings show that the chalcopyrite surface became hydrophilic after the Na2SO3 treatment. Meanwhile, the molybdenite surface was relatively more hydrophobic compared with that of chalcopyrite after the treatment. Flotation tests using pure minerals of chalcopyrite and molybdenite demonstrate that the floatability of chalcopyrite decreased with increasing concentration of Na2SO3. On the other hand, the floatability of molybdenite gradually increased under similar conditions, suggesting that Na2SO3 might have the potential to be used for selective flotation of chalcopyrite and molybdenite. A possible mechanism is proposed in this study to explain the phenomenon using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: selective flotation; molybdenite; chalcopyrite; Na2SO3; NaHS alternative; XPS selective flotation; molybdenite; chalcopyrite; Na2SO3; NaHS alternative; XPS
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Miki, H.; Hirajima, T.; Muta, Y.; Suyantara, G.P.W.; Sasaki, K. Effect of Sodium Sulfite on Floatability of Chalcopyrite and Molybdenite. Minerals 2018, 8, 172.

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