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Minerals 2017, 7(1), 9;

Heating Changes Bio-Schwertmannite Microstructure and Arsenic(III) Removal Efficiency

Environmental Engineering Laboratory, College of Resource and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China
Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Analytical Instrumentation Center, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 27 South Taoyuan Road, Taiyuan 030001, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karen Hudson-Edwards
Received: 21 November 2016 / Revised: 26 December 2016 / Accepted: 11 January 2017 / Published: 18 January 2017
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Schwertmannite (Sch) is an efficient adsorbent for arsenic(III) removal from arsenic(III)-contaminated groundwater. In this study, bio-schertmannite was synthesized in the presence of dissolved ferrous ions and Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans LX5 in a culture media. Bio-synthesized Sch characteristics, such as total organic carbon (TOC), morphology, chemical functional groups, mineral phase, specific surface area, and pore volume were systematically studied after it was dried at 105 °C and then heated at 250–550 °C. Differences in arsenic(III) removal efficiency between 105 °C dried-sch and 250–550 °C heated-sch also were investigated. The results showed that total organic carbon content in Sch and Sch weight gradually decreased when temperature increased from 105 °C to 350 °C. Sch partly transformed to another nanocrystalline or amorphous phase above 350 °C. The specific surface area of 250 °C heated-sch was 110.06 m2/g compared to 5.14 m2/g for the 105 °C dried-sch. Total pore volume of 105 °C dried-sch was 0.025 cm3/g with 32.0% mesopore and 68.0% macropore. However, total pore volume of 250 °C heated-mineral was 0.106 cm3/g with 23.6% micropore, 33.0% mesopore, and 43.4% macropore. The arsenic(III) removal efficiency from an initial 1 mg/L arsenic(III) solution (pH 7.5) was 25.1% when 0.25 g/L of 105 °C dried-sch was used as adsorbent. However, this efficiency increased to 93.0% when using 250 °C heated-sch as adsorbent. Finally, the highest efficiency for arsenic(III) removal was obtained with sch-250 °C due to high amounts of sorption sites in agreement with the high specific surface area (SSA) obtained for this sample. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-schwertmannite; specific surface area; pore volume; arsenic(III); adsorption bio-schwertmannite; specific surface area; pore volume; arsenic(III); adsorption

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Qiao, X.; Liu, L.; Shi, J.; Zhou, L.; Guo, Y.; Ge, Y.; Fan, W.; Liu, F. Heating Changes Bio-Schwertmannite Microstructure and Arsenic(III) Removal Efficiency. Minerals 2017, 7, 9.

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