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Open AccessArticle

Backtracking to Parent Maceral from Produced Bitumen with Raman Spectroscopy

Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
Instituto de Ciências da Terra–Pólo Porto, Departamento de Geociências, Ambiente e Ordenamento do Território, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, rua do Campo Alegre s/n, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
Key Laboratory of Continental Shale Hydrocarbon Accumulation and Efficient Development, Ministry of Education, Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing 163318, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2020, 10(8), 679;
Received: 15 June 2020 / Revised: 21 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fine Scale Characterization and Modeling of Shale Rocks)
In order to assess a source rock for economical exploitation purposes, many parameters should be considered; regarding the geochemical aspects, the most important ones are the amount of organic matter (OM) and its quality. Quality refers to the thermal maturity level and the type of OM from which it was formed. The origin of the OM affects the ability of the deposited OM between sediments to generate oil, gas, or both with particular potential after going through thermal maturation. Vitrinite reflectance and programmed pyrolysis (for instance, Rock-Eval) are common methods for evaluating the thermal maturity of the OM and its potential to generate petroleum, but they do not provide us with answers to what extent solid bitumen is oil-prone or gas-prone, as they are bulk geochemical methods. In the present study, Raman spectroscopy (RS), as a powerful tool for studying carbonaceous materials and organic matter, was conducted on shale and coal samples and their individual macerals to show the potential of this technique in kerogen typing and to reveal the parent maceral of the examined bitumen. The proposed methodology, by exhibiting the chemical structure of different organic matters as a major secondary product in unconventional reservoirs, can also detect the behavior of solid bitumen and its hydrocarbon production potential for more accurate petroleum system evaluation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Raman spectroscopy; maturity level; kerogen type; solid bitumen; maceral Raman spectroscopy; maturity level; kerogen type; solid bitumen; maceral
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khatibi, S.; Abarghani, A.; Liu, K.; Guedes, A.; Valentim, B.; Ostadhassan, M. Backtracking to Parent Maceral from Produced Bitumen with Raman Spectroscopy. Minerals 2020, 10, 679.

AMA Style

Khatibi S, Abarghani A, Liu K, Guedes A, Valentim B, Ostadhassan M. Backtracking to Parent Maceral from Produced Bitumen with Raman Spectroscopy. Minerals. 2020; 10(8):679.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khatibi, Seyedalireza; Abarghani, Arash; Liu, Kouqi; Guedes, Alexandra; Valentim, Bruno; Ostadhassan, Mehdi. 2020. "Backtracking to Parent Maceral from Produced Bitumen with Raman Spectroscopy" Minerals 10, no. 8: 679.

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