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Open AccessArticle

Bastnaesite, Barite, and Calcite Flotation Behaviors with Salicylhydroxamic Acid as the Collector

College of Resources and Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
Institute of Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
School of Environment and Resource, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China
School of Minerals Processing and Bio-engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2020, 10(3), 282;
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 9 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 20 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Surface Chemistry in Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy)
The flotation of bastnaesite, as a major mineral source of rare earth elements, attracting much attention in the mineral processing field, is challenging owing to the natural flotability of calcium-bearing minerals. To promote the application of flotation, we systematically investigated the flotation behavior of bastnaesite, barite, and calcite, with salicylhydroxamic acid (SHA) as the collector through micro-flotation experiments, zeta-potential measurements, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analyses, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses, and solution chemistry analyses. Micro-flotation experiments confirm that the flotability of bastnaesite is high at pH 6.5–8.5, while calcite floats at pH 8.0–9.5, and barite has little flotation response. The results of FT-IR, XPS, and zeta-potential measurements indicate that there is chemical adsorption of SHA on the bastnaesite surface, and physical adsorption also occurs. However, as for barite and calcite, there is only physical adsorption of SHA on the surfaces. The solution chemistry results show that SHA anions can interact with RE3+, REOH2+, and RE(OH)2+ on bastnaesite surfaces in aqueous suspensions, resulting in bastnaesite flotation. View Full-Text
Keywords: bastnaesite; barite; calcite; salicylhydroxamic acid; flotation bastnaesite; barite; calcite; salicylhydroxamic acid; flotation
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Xiong, W.; Deng, J.; Zhao, K.; Wang, W.; Wang, Y.; Wei, D. Bastnaesite, Barite, and Calcite Flotation Behaviors with Salicylhydroxamic Acid as the Collector. Minerals 2020, 10, 282.

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