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Cocoa Production and Forest Dynamics in Ivory Coast from 1985 to 2019

1
Environment Training and Research Unit, Jean Lorougnon Guédé University, Post Box 150 Daloa, Cote D’Ivoire
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Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Biodiversity and Landscape Unit, University of Liège, Passage des Déportés 2, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(12), 524; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120524
Received: 9 November 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
The cocoa economy of Ivory Coast started in the eastern part of the country in the 1970s and spread to the central-western and then south-western regions. For nearly a decade, it has been in the West of Ivory Coast with a population increase caused by large waves of migration. This study aims to determine different factors explaining dynamics of the cocoa economy from the East to West of Ivory Coast. The method adopted consisted of processing Landsat images from 1985–2018 and an individual survey of 278 heads of households. The results obtained showed that the development of the cocoa economy led forest cover degradation with a total loss estimated at 60.80%, 46.39%, 20.76% and 51.18% of forest area in the East, Centre-West, South-West and West, respectively. The creation of new cocoa farms in the West of Ivory Coast is governed by non-native people (51.13%) settled between 2010 and 2018. About 41% of these producers come mainly from the Centre-West (25%) and the South-West (16%). In addition, 29% of producers come from the West of Ivory Coast. Despite the abiotic characteristics being considered unfavourable, the west of Ivory Coast is in the process of becoming the country’s new zone of high cocoa production. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest dynamics; cocoa production; migration; cocoa loop; Ivory Coast forest dynamics; cocoa production; migration; cocoa loop; Ivory Coast
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yao Sadaiou Sabas, B.; Gislain Danmo, K.; Akoua Tamia Madeleine, K.; Jan, B. Cocoa Production and Forest Dynamics in Ivory Coast from 1985 to 2019. Land 2020, 9, 524. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120524

AMA Style

Yao Sadaiou Sabas B, Gislain Danmo K, Akoua Tamia Madeleine K, Jan B. Cocoa Production and Forest Dynamics in Ivory Coast from 1985 to 2019. Land. 2020; 9(12):524. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120524

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yao Sadaiou Sabas, Barima, Konan Gislain Danmo, Kouakou Akoua Tamia Madeleine, and Bogaert Jan. 2020. "Cocoa Production and Forest Dynamics in Ivory Coast from 1985 to 2019" Land 9, no. 12: 524. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120524

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