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Moving toward a Greener China: Is China’s National Park Pilot Program a Solution?

1
National Park Research Centre, Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T1Z4, Canada
2
National Park Research Lab, School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua E Rd, Beijing 100091, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(12), 489; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120489
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 25 November 2020 / Accepted: 30 November 2020 / Published: 2 December 2020
National parks have been adopted for over a century to enhance the protection of valued natural landscapes in countries worldwide. For decades, China has emphasized the importance of economic growth over ecological health to the detriment of its protected areas. After decades of environmental degradation, dramatic loss of biodiversity, and increasing pressure from the public to improve and protect natural landscapes, China’s central government recently proposed the establishment of a pilot national park system to address these issues. This study provides an overview of the development of selected conventional protected areas (CPAs) and the ten newly established pilot national parks (PNPs). A literature review was conducted to synthesize the significant findings from previous studies, and group workshops were conducted to integrate expert knowledge. A qualitative analysis was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot national park system. The results of this study reveal that the PNP system could be a potential solution to the two outstanding issues facing CPAs, namely the economic prioritization over social and ecological considerations that causes massive ecological degradation, and the conflicting, overlapping, and inconsistent administrative and institutional structures that result in serious inefficiencies and conflicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: national park; pilot program; environmental sustainability; governance; economic development national park; pilot program; environmental sustainability; governance; economic development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sheng, G.; Chen, H.; Ferretti-Gallon, K.; Innes, J.L.; Wang, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, G. Moving toward a Greener China: Is China’s National Park Pilot Program a Solution? Land 2020, 9, 489. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120489

AMA Style

Sheng G, Chen H, Ferretti-Gallon K, Innes JL, Wang Z, Zhang Y, Wang G. Moving toward a Greener China: Is China’s National Park Pilot Program a Solution? Land. 2020; 9(12):489. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120489

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sheng, Gonghan, Heyuan Chen, Kalifi Ferretti-Gallon, John L. Innes, Zhongjun Wang, Yujun Zhang, and Guangyu Wang. 2020. "Moving toward a Greener China: Is China’s National Park Pilot Program a Solution?" Land 9, no. 12: 489. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120489

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