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Article

Park, Fish, Salt and Marshes: Participatory Mapping and Design in a Watery Uncommons

1
Landscape Architecture, Department of Human Ecology, University of California, Davis (UC Davis), Davis, CA 95616, USA
2
Geography Graduate Group, Department of Human Ecology, University of California, Davis (UC Davis), Davis, CA 95616, USA
3
Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2010, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(11), 454; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110454
Received: 2 October 2020 / Revised: 14 November 2020 / Accepted: 15 November 2020 / Published: 17 November 2020
The Franks Tract State Recreation Area (Franks Tract) is an example of a complex contemporary park mired in ecological and socio-political contestation of what it is and should be. Located in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, it is a central hub in California’s immense and contentious water infrastructure; an accidental shallow lake on subsided land due to unrepaired levee breaks; a novel ecosystem full of ‘invasive’ species; a world-class bass fishing area; and a water transportation corridor. Franks Tract is an example of an uncommons: a place where multiple realities (or ontologies) exist, negotiate and co-create one another. As a case study, this article focuses on a planning effort to simultaneously improve water quality, recreation and ecology in Franks Tract through a state-led project. The article examines the iterative application of participatory mapping and web-based public surveys within a broader, mixed method co-design process involving state agencies, local residents, regional stakeholders, consultant experts and publics. We focus on what was learned in this process by all involved, and what might be transferable in the methods. We conclude that reciprocal iterative change among stakeholders and designers was demonstrated across the surveys, based on shifts in stakeholder preferences as achieved through iterative revision of design concepts that better addressed a broad range of stakeholder values and concerns. Within this reconciliation, the uncommons was retained, rather than suppressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-design; transdisciplinary practices; public participation geographic information system (PPGIS); softGIS; parks planning; Delta; structured decision-making co-design; transdisciplinary practices; public participation geographic information system (PPGIS); softGIS; parks planning; Delta; structured decision-making
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MDPI and ACS Style

Milligan, B.; Kraus-Polk, A.; Huang, Y. Park, Fish, Salt and Marshes: Participatory Mapping and Design in a Watery Uncommons. Land 2020, 9, 454. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110454

AMA Style

Milligan B, Kraus-Polk A, Huang Y. Park, Fish, Salt and Marshes: Participatory Mapping and Design in a Watery Uncommons. Land. 2020; 9(11):454. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110454

Chicago/Turabian Style

Milligan, Brett, Alejo Kraus-Polk, and Yiwei Huang. 2020. "Park, Fish, Salt and Marshes: Participatory Mapping and Design in a Watery Uncommons" Land 9, no. 11: 454. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110454

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