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Open AccessArticle

Village Level Provisioning Ecosystem Services and Their Values to Local Communities in the Peri-Urban Areas of Manila, The Philippines

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Faculty of Sustainability Studies, Hosei University, 2-17-2 Fujimi Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8160, Japan
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Faculty of Environment Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
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Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
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Department of water resources, College of Environment and Natural Resources, Cantho University, Cantho City 900000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2019, 8(12), 177; https://doi.org/10.3390/land8120177
Received: 30 September 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 18 November 2019 / Published: 20 November 2019
This study investigates different provisioning services in the peri-urban landscapes of Manila conurbation through a case study of two villages in the Jala-Jala municipality of the Laguna de Bay area in the Philippines. Laguna de Bay is an ecologically productive and important watershed for the urban and peri-urban areas of Manila for the provision of food, freshwater, and other materials. However, the lake and its ecosystem are under threat because of rapid urbanization and associated land-use changes. This study is based on a semi-quantitative survey conducted with 90 households in two villages: Special District and Paalaman. It was aimed to capture how provisioning services in the locality are connected with local livelihoods. The results obtained from the study suggest that landscapes in this peri-urban area still has considerable provisioning ecosystem services associated with local biodiversity and that this dependence on provisioning services and their relationship to peri-urban landscapes and biodiversity should be addressed for sustainable landscape management. The results have important implications for the conservation potential of biodiversity on which local livelihoods depend, in urban and peri-urban ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; peri-urban areas; Laguna Lake basin; Paalaman; Jala-Jala; Likert scale ecosystem services; peri-urban areas; Laguna Lake basin; Paalaman; Jala-Jala; Likert scale
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Chakraborty, S.; Avtar, R.; Raj, R.; Thu Minh, H.V. Village Level Provisioning Ecosystem Services and Their Values to Local Communities in the Peri-Urban Areas of Manila, The Philippines. Land 2019, 8, 177.

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