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Inclusive Businesses and Land Reform: Corporatization or Transformation? †

Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement CIRAD, 75116 Paris, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is based on an unpublished conference paper “Inclusive business and land reform: Corporatisation or transformation?” presented at the 55th AEASA Conference, 19–21 September 2017, Durban, South Africa.
Received: 23 November 2017 / Revised: 20 January 2018 / Accepted: 24 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
Inclusive businesses (IBs), embodying partnerships between commercial agribusinesses and smallholder farmers/low-income communities, are considered to contribute towards rural development and agricultural sector transformation. Structured as complex organizational set-ups consisting of, and overcoming the limitations of, standard inclusive instruments (collective organization, mentorship, supply contract, lease/management contract and equity), they allow for the inclusion of smallholders and low-income communities into commercial agricultural value chains. IBs are a way for governments to engage private agribusinesses in agricultural and rural policies. However, will the commercial sector, through IB partnerships, contribute towards the government’s transformation and developmental objectives? Based on case studies in South Africa—a country engaged in land and agrarian reforms—the effects of IBs at the project level appear positive, illustrated by an increase in production and growth in agricultural assets. However, individual beneficiaries experience only a marginal change in income and livelihoods. Whereas land reform, project development and market integration are generally achieved, the transformation and beneficiary development objectives are compromised. Although commercial agribusinesses contribute to investment needs in the sector and smallholder exposure to commercial markets, IB partnerships allow commercial entities control over the smallholders’ assets. Ownership and secure rights, especially of land, and support of external parties to capacitate beneficiaries and adjust power asymmetries, are essential starting points. Without these aspects, IBs will not lead to effective transformation and development. View Full-Text
Keywords: inclusive business; land reform; rural development; agriculture; South Africa inclusive business; land reform; rural development; agriculture; South Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chamberlain, W.O.; Anseeuw, W. Inclusive Businesses and Land Reform: Corporatization or Transformation? Land 2018, 7, 18.

AMA Style

Chamberlain WO, Anseeuw W. Inclusive Businesses and Land Reform: Corporatization or Transformation? Land. 2018; 7(1):18.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chamberlain, Wytske O., and Ward Anseeuw. 2018. "Inclusive Businesses and Land Reform: Corporatization or Transformation?" Land 7, no. 1: 18.

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