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Article

Effect of Climate and Agricultural Land Use Changes on UK Feed Barley Production and Food Security to the 2050s

1
Department of Environmental Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
2
Department of Geography and Environmental Science, School of the Environment, University of Dundee, Nethergate, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
3
ADAS UK Ltd., Battlegate Road, Boxworth, Cambridge CB23 4NN, UK
4
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Winchester, Sparkford Road, Winchester SO22 4NR, UK
5
Department of Crop Science, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
6
Brighton Business School, University of Brighton, Moulsecoomb, Brighton BN2 4AT, UK
7
Ecological Sciences, The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 8 September 2017 / Accepted: 7 October 2017 / Published: 29 October 2017
Currently, the UK has a high self-sufficiency rate in barley production. This paper assessed the effects of projected climate and land use changes on feed barley production and, consequently, on meat supply in the UK from the 2030s to the 2050s. Total barley production under projected land use and climate changes ranged from 4.6 million tons in the 2030s to 9.0 million tons in the 2050s. From these, the projected feed barley supply ranged from approximately 2.3 to 4.6 million tons from the 2030s to the 2050s, respectively. The results indicate that while UK spring barley production will thrive under, and benefit from climate change, total land area allocated to barley production will ultimately determine self-sufficiency. Without expansion in the area of land and/or further significant increases in yields, the UK may face large deficits in domestic feed barley production and, for that matter, meat supply in the future. Hence, agricultural and food security policy needs to consider, principally, the effect of agricultural land use change on key crops, such as barley. Even though the UK can import feed barley or meat to address the deficits observed in this study, the question that needs to be addressed is where all that import will come from. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use change; climate change; feed barley; meat consumption; food security land use change; climate change; feed barley; meat consumption; food security
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yawson, D.O.; Mulholland, B.J.; Ball, T.; Adu, M.O.; Mohan, S.; White, P.J. Effect of Climate and Agricultural Land Use Changes on UK Feed Barley Production and Food Security to the 2050s. Land 2017, 6, 74. https://doi.org/10.3390/land6040074

AMA Style

Yawson DO, Mulholland BJ, Ball T, Adu MO, Mohan S, White PJ. Effect of Climate and Agricultural Land Use Changes on UK Feed Barley Production and Food Security to the 2050s. Land. 2017; 6(4):74. https://doi.org/10.3390/land6040074

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yawson, David O., Barry J. Mulholland, Tom Ball, Michael O. Adu, Sushil Mohan, and Philip J. White. 2017. "Effect of Climate and Agricultural Land Use Changes on UK Feed Barley Production and Food Security to the 2050s" Land 6, no. 4: 74. https://doi.org/10.3390/land6040074

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