Next Article in Journal
Mapping Land Cover and Estimating the Grassland Structure in a Priority Area of the Chihuahuan Desert
Next Article in Special Issue
Landscape Risk Assessment Model and Decision Support System for the Protection of the Natural and Cultural Heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean Area
Previous Article in Journal
Horse Welfare and Natural Values on Semi-Natural and Extensive Pastures in Finland: Synergies and Trade-Offs
Previous Article in Special Issue
Using Historical Maps within a GIS to Analyze Two Centuries of Rural Landscape Changes in Southern Italy
Open AccessArticle

Investigating the Diversity and Variability of Eastern Mediterranean Landscapes

School of Pure & Applied Sciences, Open University of Cyprus, PO Box 12794, 2252 Nicosia, Cyprus
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 9 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 20 October 2017
The aim of the paper is to examine the variability of eastern Mediterranean landscapes using a common mapping framework relying on Landscape Character Mapping (LCM). LCM was adapted to the region’s specificities placing emphasis on the area’s coastal nature, landform variation, land use, in particular pastoral tradition, and settlement patterns, an important output of this study. We selected six study areas, in four countries namely Cyprus, Greece, Jordan and Lebanon, based on their rich cultural and natural heritage, covering a NW to SE gradient of both environmental and cultural settings. We used commonly employed landscape metrics to quantify landscape diversity in the study areas. Similarity in landscape types among study area was measured using Sørensen similarity index. The Kruskall–Walis test was used to test the variability among countries in terms of landscape character variation due to physical and cultural factors. Linear regression was used to assess whether landscape diversity increases with area size. The work has identified and mapped a total of 69 landscape types, of which 18 are rare. Rare landscape types were related to specific geomorphology or intensive anthropogenic activities, which do not occur elsewhere in the East Mediterranean region. The highest similarity was recorded between islands and between mountainous areas. The larger the area the higher is its landscape diversity. This works fills a gap in Mediterranean and sets a benchmark standard for landscape characterization work in the East Mediterranean, so as to enable much greater consistency between countries in future landscape mapping exercises and, ultimately, facilitate trans-boundary cooperation in landscape-scale nature and culture conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: classification; GIS; LCA; Land Description Units; mapping; planning; typology classification; GIS; LCA; Land Description Units; mapping; planning; typology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vogiatzakis, I.N.; Manolaki, P. Investigating the Diversity and Variability of Eastern Mediterranean Landscapes. Land 2017, 6, 71.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop