Next Article in Journal
On-Site Analyses as a Decision Support Tool for Dredging and Sustainable Sediment Management
Previous Article in Journal
Temporal and Spatial Differentiation of Cultivated Land and Its Response to Climatic Factors in Complex Geomorphic Areas—A Case Study of Sichuan Province of China
Article

Desertification in Spain: A Sound Diagnosis without Solutions and New Scenarios

1
Instituto Multidisciplinar para el Estudio del Medio “Ramón Margalef”, Universidad de Alicante, Carretera de San Vicente del Raspeig s/n, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
2
Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas, CSIC. Ctra. Sacramento s/n, La Cañada, 04120 Almería, Spain
3
Departamento de Ecología, Universidad de Alicante, Carretera de San Vicente del Raspeig s/n, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Troy Sternberg
Land 2022, 11(2), 272; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020272
Received: 17 January 2022 / Revised: 4 February 2022 / Accepted: 7 February 2022 / Published: 10 February 2022
The latest world atlas of desertification represents a turning point in the diagnosis of desertification. While it forgoes desertification mapping due to the intrinsic complexity of the phenomenon and the impossibility of measuring it using a single indicator, it introduces the convergence of evidence paradigm, which identifies socioeconomic and biophysical variables whose behaviour allows pointing out those areas prone to desertification. The Spanish National Action Program Against Desertification (PAND), back in 2008, already implemented a similar approach to identify five “desertification landscapes” within Spain using both socio-economic and climatic information. The PAND was not only pioneering but also, unfortunately, accurate. Desertification in Spain has continued to worsen and the first two decades of the 21st century have consolidated an agri-food model whose dynamics have exacerbated the desertification processes identified in the PAND. Despite its scientific value, the PAND lacked a proper action plan and was completely detached from the diagnosis. As a result, the diagnosis it provided was not followed by effective actions to halt desertification in Spain. The Spanish government’s recent declaration of climate and environmental emergency requires a new strategy to combat desertification. This commitment is an excellent opportunity to update the diagnosis of the situation and, more crucially, to unify the different desertification sectoral policies and actions under a single front. We provide here elements (e.g., analysis of agri-food trends and integration of plans and policies at different geographical and sectoral levels) for a roadmap to be designed around the pressures, impacts, and drivers that define today’s Spanish desertification landscapes to effectively manage and avoid their further degradation. View Full-Text
Keywords: desertification; diagnosis; socioeconomic factors; convergence of evidence; agriculture; groundwater desertification; diagnosis; socioeconomic factors; convergence of evidence; agriculture; groundwater
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Valderrama, J.; del Barrio, G.; Sanjuán, M.E.; Guirado, E.; Maestre, F.T. Desertification in Spain: A Sound Diagnosis without Solutions and New Scenarios. Land 2022, 11, 272. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020272

AMA Style

Martínez-Valderrama J, del Barrio G, Sanjuán ME, Guirado E, Maestre FT. Desertification in Spain: A Sound Diagnosis without Solutions and New Scenarios. Land. 2022; 11(2):272. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020272

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-Valderrama, Jaime, Gabriel del Barrio, María E. Sanjuán, Emilio Guirado, and Fernando T. Maestre. 2022. "Desertification in Spain: A Sound Diagnosis without Solutions and New Scenarios" Land 11, no. 2: 272. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020272

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop