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Article

Application of the Adaptive Cycle and Panarchy in La Marjaleria Social-Ecological System: Reflections for Operability

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Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
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Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
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Navarino Environmental Observatory, 24001 Messinia, Greece
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Research Centre for Natural Resources, Environment and Society (CERNAS), Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, Agrarian School of Coimbra, Bencanta, 3045-601 Coimbra, Portugal
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SLU Centre for Biological Diversity, Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
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Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering (SEED), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Benedetto Rugani
Land 2021, 10(9), 980; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10090980
Received: 2 August 2021 / Revised: 13 September 2021 / Accepted: 15 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for Soil-Sediment-Water Systems Section)
The adaptive cycle and panarchy are recognised tools for resilience assessment prior to establishing new management approaches aligned with Anthropocene needs. This study used the adaptive cycle and panarchy to assess the dynamics of the social-ecological system (SES) of La Marjaleria, Spain, which experienced increasing human pressure and environmental degradation in recent decades, and developed the ‘adaptive curve’ as a novel graphical representation of system change in the presentation of the results. Based on a literature review of historical changes in La Marjaleria, a SES analysis was performed using the adaptive cycle and panarchy, following the Resilience Alliance’s Practitioners Guide. The assessment offered new insights into the social and ecological dynamics of La Marjaleria through identification of causes and consequences from a complex systems perspective. Previous land-use management in the area has generated tensions between different stakeholders and reduced environmental resilience. The systems thinking approach highlighted the complexity of change processes, offering the possibility of new routes for dialogue and understanding. The ‘adaptive curve’ developed as a method of illustrating interactions across scales in this study could be useful for synthesising the results of a panarchy analysis and supporting their interpretation, offering relevant departure points for future planning and decision-making. View Full-Text
Keywords: panarchy; social-ecological systems; environmental resilience; adaptive cycle; adaptive curve panarchy; social-ecological systems; environmental resilience; adaptive cycle; adaptive curve
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MDPI and ACS Style

Escamilla Nacher, M.; Ferreira, C.S.S.; Jones, M.; Kalantari, Z. Application of the Adaptive Cycle and Panarchy in La Marjaleria Social-Ecological System: Reflections for Operability. Land 2021, 10, 980. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10090980

AMA Style

Escamilla Nacher M, Ferreira CSS, Jones M, Kalantari Z. Application of the Adaptive Cycle and Panarchy in La Marjaleria Social-Ecological System: Reflections for Operability. Land. 2021; 10(9):980. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10090980

Chicago/Turabian Style

Escamilla Nacher, Marc, Carla S.S. Ferreira, Michael Jones, and Zahra Kalantari. 2021. "Application of the Adaptive Cycle and Panarchy in La Marjaleria Social-Ecological System: Reflections for Operability" Land 10, no. 9: 980. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10090980

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