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Web of Science-Based Green Infrastructure: A Bibliometric Analysis in CiteSpace

Graduate School of Urban Studies, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Korea
Henan Urban Planning Institute & Corporation, No. 298, Wenhua North Road, Huiji District, Zhengzhou 450044, China
Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sarel Cilliers
Land 2021, 10(7), 711;
Received: 1 June 2021 / Revised: 30 June 2021 / Accepted: 2 July 2021 / Published: 6 July 2021
Many cities worldwide are using re-greening strategies to help reverse urbanization patterns that aggravate environmental issues. Green infrastructure (GI) has become a significant and effective strategy to address environmental problems. To better understand GI, this study uses CiteSpace to analyze 5420 published papers in the field of GI on the Web of Science database from 1990–2020. This bibliometric analysis will help new scholars and researchers to better understand the current status and trends in GI research, as well as identify further research needed in the field. This study evaluated research on GI trends according to publication amounts, keywords, journals, disciplines, countries, institutions, and authors. Results show that, first, GI research has experienced rapid growth since 2014. Second, GI, ecosystem services, and city are the top three keywords related to GI research, with green roof as the keyword with the strongest linkage. Third, Sustainability, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, and Landscape and Urban Planning are the top three journals publishing GI research. Fourth, the top three disciplines researching GI are environmental science, engineering, and science and technology. Fifth, the USA is the top ranked country in terms of the number of published GI-related papers (1514 papers), followed by China (730 papers) and England (546 papers). Sixth, the US Environmental Protection Agency (84 papers) is the top institution in terms of publications, followed by the Chinese Academy of Science (83 papers) and the Swedish University of Agriculture (66 papers). Finally, D. Haase has the most published articles (29 papers), followed by S. Pauleit (28 papers) and P. Angelstam (26 papers). These findings indicate that GI has developed significantly in the last 30 years, with a high probability for increased growth in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: green infrastructure; literature; bibliometric method; CiteSpace; visualization green infrastructure; literature; bibliometric method; CiteSpace; visualization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shao, H.; Kim, G.; Li, Q.; Newman, G. Web of Science-Based Green Infrastructure: A Bibliometric Analysis in CiteSpace. Land 2021, 10, 711.

AMA Style

Shao H, Kim G, Li Q, Newman G. Web of Science-Based Green Infrastructure: A Bibliometric Analysis in CiteSpace. Land. 2021; 10(7):711.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shao, Huamei, Gunwoo Kim, Qing Li, and Galen Newman. 2021. "Web of Science-Based Green Infrastructure: A Bibliometric Analysis in CiteSpace" Land 10, no. 7: 711.

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