Next Article in Journal
Changes in Land-Use and Ecosystem Service Value in Guangdong Province, Southern China, from 1990 to 2018
Next Article in Special Issue
Does Livelihood Capital Influence the Livelihood Strategy of Herdsmen? Evidence from Western China
Previous Article in Journal
Study on Herders’ Willingness to Protect Grassland Based on the IAD Extended Decision Model
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Importance of Network Position in the Diffusion of Agricultural Innovations in Smallholders of Dual-Purpose Cattle in Mexico
Article

Farmers’ and Herders’ Perceptions on Rangeland Management in Two Agroecological Zones of Benin

1
Organic Plant Production and Agroecosystems Research in the Tropics and Subtropics (OPATS), University of Kassel, Steinstrasse 19, D-37213 Witzenhausen, Germany
2
Laboratoire d’Innovation en Systèmes de Production IntégREs et de Gestion Durable des Terres (InSPIREs-GDT), Faculté d’Agronomie, Université de Parakou, BP 123 Parakou, Benin
3
Ecole des Sciences et Techniques de Production Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 03 BP 2819 Cotonou Jéricho, Benin
4
Animal Husbandry in the Tropics and Subtropics, Universität Kassel and Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Steinstrasse 19, D-37213 Witzenhausen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Didier Genin
Land 2021, 10(4), 425; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040425
Received: 16 February 2021 / Revised: 8 April 2021 / Accepted: 11 April 2021 / Published: 16 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Management of Natural Resources in Livestock System)
The sustainable use of rangelands in pastoral areas requires the inclusion of all stakeholders to develop sound management strategies. However, the role of these actors in the sustainable management of natural resources is still poorly understood. The present study aims to (i) assess the perception of farmers and herders of the risks and opportunities of transhumance on rangeland resource use and management, and to (ii) generate useful knowledge for the design and implementation of policies that favor the coexistence of these actors and reduce competition over rangeland resources use in Benin. To this end, interviews were conducted with 240 crop farmers and herders using a semi-structured questionnaire in two contrasting agroecological zones in the northern (Kandi) and the southern (Kétou) part of the country. Among the respondents, 64% of farmers in the North were agro-pastoralists (owning 10.6 ha of land and 10.7 cattle) and 36% were herders (keeping 45.8 cattle and cultivating about 3.7 ha of land). They perceived that communal rangelands were entirely degraded. In the South, 36% of respondents were agro-pastoralists (with 0.3 cattle and farming 4 ha of land) and 64% cattle herders (raising 45.3 cattle and farming 0.9 ha of land only). Of the herders, 50% kept cattle for more than 20 years, while agro-pastoralists had no previous experience in cattle herding. Cultivation practices among crop farmers, such as high use of mineral fertilization (23.8%) and bush fires for land clearing (22.5%), were reported in Kandi (North) and Kétou (South) as factors that might contribute to land degradation. However, these farmers perceived transhumance as a threat to the sustainable use of natural resources. In contrast, herders perceived transhumance as an opportunity to valorize unused land and increase the availability of manure to cropland. The prevalent negative attitude of crop farmers regarding transhumant herders increases the vulnerability of cattle herding in both regions. There is an urgent need of raising awareness concerning the mutual benefits provided by the coexistence of crop farmers with herders to promote participative rangeland management strategies. This may contribute towards coping with the current challenges of food insecurity and increasing climate variability as well as to reducing recurrent conflicts in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: communal grazing areas; herder-farmer conflicts; herd mobility; land property rights; rangeland degradation; West Africa communal grazing areas; herder-farmer conflicts; herd mobility; land property rights; rangeland degradation; West Africa
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Diogo, R.V.C.; Dossa, L.H.; Vanvanhossou, S.F.U.; Abdoulaye, B.D.; Dosseh, K.H.; Houinato, M.; Schlecht, E.; Buerkert, A. Farmers’ and Herders’ Perceptions on Rangeland Management in Two Agroecological Zones of Benin. Land 2021, 10, 425. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040425

AMA Style

Diogo RVC, Dossa LH, Vanvanhossou SFU, Abdoulaye BD, Dosseh KH, Houinato M, Schlecht E, Buerkert A. Farmers’ and Herders’ Perceptions on Rangeland Management in Two Agroecological Zones of Benin. Land. 2021; 10(4):425. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040425

Chicago/Turabian Style

Diogo, Rodrigue V.C., Luc H. Dossa, Sèyi F.U. Vanvanhossou, Badirou D. Abdoulaye, Kossi H. Dosseh, Marcel Houinato, Eva Schlecht, and Andreas Buerkert. 2021. "Farmers’ and Herders’ Perceptions on Rangeland Management in Two Agroecological Zones of Benin" Land 10, no. 4: 425. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040425

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop