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Open AccessArticle

The Return of Wooded Landscapes in Wales: An Exploration of Possible Post-Brexit Futures

1
School of Agriculture, Policy & Development, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6EU, UK
2
Department of Forestry & Range Management, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Multan 600 00, Pakistan
3
Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6EU, UK
4
Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 00 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2021, 10(1), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010059
Received: 16 November 2020 / Revised: 5 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 11 January 2021
Changes in agricultural policy may have a rapid impact, even on landscapes which have taken millennia to form. Here we explore the potential impact of the UK leaving the EU as a catalyst for profound changes in the pastoral landscapes of Wales. Impending change of the trading regime governing agricultural produce, concurrent with public pressure to use agricultural subsidies for environmental goals, may lead to unforeseen consequences for the Welsh natural environment. We employ a combination of change demand modelling and a ‘story and simulation approach’ to project the effect of five hypothetical plausible scenarios on land use and land use change in Wales by 2030. We show that the most extreme trade scenario would result in a significant expansion of broadleaf woodland across much of Wales. By contrast, the ‘green futures’ scenario introduced to supersede the Common Agricultural Policy, results in significant expansion of woodland but not at the level seen with the more extreme trade scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brexit; land use change; Wales; agricultural policies; UK Brexit; land use change; Wales; agricultural policies; UK
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manzoor, S.A.; Griffiths, G.; Christian Rose, D.; Lukac, M. The Return of Wooded Landscapes in Wales: An Exploration of Possible Post-Brexit Futures. Land 2021, 10, 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010059

AMA Style

Manzoor SA, Griffiths G, Christian Rose D, Lukac M. The Return of Wooded Landscapes in Wales: An Exploration of Possible Post-Brexit Futures. Land. 2021; 10(1):59. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manzoor, Syed A.; Griffiths, Geoffrey; Christian Rose, David; Lukac, Martin. 2021. "The Return of Wooded Landscapes in Wales: An Exploration of Possible Post-Brexit Futures" Land 10, no. 1: 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010059

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