Next Article in Journal
Study of Self-Induced Sloshing in Model Test of a Water Retaining Weir
Previous Article in Journal
Experimental Study on Erosion and Sedimentation Patterns Downstream of a W-weir in a Sinusoidal Mild Bend
Open AccessOpinion

An Opinion on Spring Habitats within the Earth’s Critical Zone in Headwater Regions

Department of Geography, Philipps-Universität Marburg, 35037 Marburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2017, 9(9), 645; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9090645
Received: 17 July 2017 / Revised: 19 August 2017 / Accepted: 25 August 2017 / Published: 29 August 2017
Springs are crucial interfaces within the Earth’s Critical Zone, connecting water and its related matter and energy at different scales from the microscopic to the macroscopic level. This connectivity is of importance for habitat conditions and the invertebrate community in springs as ecotones at the groundwater–surface water and the aquatic–terrestrial interfaces in headwater regions. Here, an integrative approach regarding an appropriate theoretical framework is given as an opinion on coupling perspectives from Ecohydrology and Earth Science. A theoretical integration within the approaches of the concepts of Earth’s Critical Zone and Hydropedology with its hierarchical framework is considered for bridging multiple scales from the individual substrate type to the entire spring habitat and the headwater catchment. The paper is in every respect an opinion on theoretical approaches and provides a synthesis within a conceptual framework for spring habitats, which should give further insight into how to study such small water bodies in the context of its adjacent landscape settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecohydrology; hydropedology; hierarchical framework; ecotone; groundwater; interflow ecohydrology; hydropedology; hierarchical framework; ecotone; groundwater; interflow
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Reiss, M.; Chifflard, P. An Opinion on Spring Habitats within the Earth’s Critical Zone in Headwater Regions. Water 2017, 9, 645.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop