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Water 2017, 9(7), 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9070498

Efficiency of Mn Removal of Different Filtration Materials for Groundwater Treatment Linking Chemical and Physical Properties

1
Instytut Inżynierii Środowiska, Politechnika Poznańska, ul. Berdychowo 4, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
2
Wydział Fizyki Technicznej, Politechnika Poznańska, ul. Piotrowo 3, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2017 / Revised: 5 June 2017 / Accepted: 23 June 2017 / Published: 8 July 2017
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Abstract

This paper presents research on Fe and Mn removal from groundwater. In treatment systems of aeration followed by rapid filtration (no chemical dosage), manganese removal is possible due to the manganese dioxide catalyst present on the grains of filtration material. The goal of the presented research was to find a correlation between the catalyst layer’s composition as well as its internal porosity and the effectiveness and stability of manganese removal in the filtration process. In order to establish the influence of catalyst characteristics on manganese removal effectiveness, the filtration experiment was conducted using filtration materials with catalytic contact layers of different origin. Oxide coated auto-activated silica sand and Gabon manganese ore were tested. Inactive silica sand was used as reference. The results of filtration experiments were combined with analyses of chemical composition, internal porosity, and crystalline parameters of catalyst contact layers of grains. For the determination catalyst contact layer parameters, the following methods were used: Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffractometry (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope – Energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDAX), nitrogen adsorption. Pilot scale research on the filtration process demonstrated that auto-activated filtration material was characterized by the highest efficiency of manganese removal and stability of effects during the whole research. The effectiveness of Gabon manganese ore dropped from 90% and stabilized on the level of ca. 60% within 15 days of the experiment. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater; Fe and Mn removal; filtration material; catalyst contact layer; Raman spectroscopy; XRD; EDAX; nitrogen adsorption method groundwater; Fe and Mn removal; filtration material; catalyst contact layer; Raman spectroscopy; XRD; EDAX; nitrogen adsorption method
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Jeż-Walkowiak, J.; Dymaczewski, Z.; Szuster-Janiaczyk, A.; Nowicka, A.B.; Szybowicz, M. Efficiency of Mn Removal of Different Filtration Materials for Groundwater Treatment Linking Chemical and Physical Properties. Water 2017, 9, 498.

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