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Open AccessReview

Urban Water Cycle Simulation/Management Models: A Review

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Environmental Engineering Program, Universidad Santo Tomas, 110231426 Bogotá, Colombia
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Institute of Water and Environmental Sciences, Universidad de Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig Route, s/n, 03690 Alicante, Spain
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Civil Engineering Program, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, 110231594 Bogotá, Colombia
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Matanza Riachuelo Catchment Authority (ACUMAR), Esmeralda 255 PB, C1033AAJ Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2017, 9(4), 285; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9040285
Received: 19 January 2017 / Revised: 8 April 2017 / Accepted: 16 April 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synergies in Urban Water Infrastructure Modeling)
Urban water management is increasingly important given the need to maintain water resources that comply with global and local standards of quantity and quality. The effective management of water resources requires the optimization of financial resources without forsaking social requirements. A number of mathematical models have been developed for this task; such models account for all components of the Urban Water Cycle (UWC) and their interactions. The wide range of models entails the need to understand their differences in an effort to identify their applicability, so academic, state, and private sectors can employ them for environmental, economic, and social ends. This article presents a description of the UWC and relevant components, a literature review of different models developed between 1990 and 2015, and an analysis of several case studies (applications). It was found that most applications are focused on new supply sources, mainly rainwater. In brief, this article provides an overview of each model’s use (primarily within academia) and potential use as a decision-making tool. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban water cycle; integrated management of urban water; computational models urban water cycle; integrated management of urban water; computational models
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peña-Guzmán, C.A.; Melgarejo, J.; Prats, D.; Torres, A.; Martínez, S. Urban Water Cycle Simulation/Management Models: A Review. Water 2017, 9, 285.

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