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Open AccessArticle

Long-Term Managed Aquifer Recharge in a Saline-Water Aquifer as a Critical Component of an Integrated Water Scheme in Southwestern Florida, USA

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U.A. Whitaker College of Engineering, Florida Gulf Coast University, 10501 FGCU Boulevard South, Fort Myers, FL 33965-6565, USA
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Groundwater Tek, Inc., 14542 Indigo Lakes Circle, Naples, FL 34119, USA
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Emergent Technology Institute, U.A. Whitaker College of Engineering, Florida Gulf Coast University, 16301 Innovation Lane, Fort Myers, FL 33913, USA
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WSP, 1567 Hayley Lane, Suite 202, Fort Myers, FL 33907, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2017, 9(10), 774; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100774
Received: 25 August 2017 / Revised: 25 September 2017 / Accepted: 3 October 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aquifer Storage and Recovery: Theory, Design, and Operation)
Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) systems can be used within the context of integrated water management to create solutions to multiple objectives. Southwestern Florida is faced with severe environmental problems associated with the wet season discharge of excessive quantities of surface water containing high concentrations of nutrients into the Caloosahatchee River Estuary and a future water supply shortage. A 150,000 m3/day MAR system is proposed as an economic solution to solve part of the environmental and water supply issues. Groundwater modeling has demonstrated that the injection of about 150,000 m3/day into the Avon Park High Permeable Zone will result in the creation of a 1000 m wide plume of fresh and brackish-water (due to mixing) extending across the water short area over a 10-year period. The operational cost of the MAR injection system would be less than $0.106/m3 and the environmental benefits would alone more than cover this cost in the long term. In addition, the future unit water supply cost to the consumer would be reduced from $1 to $1.25/m3 to $0.45 to $0.65/m3. View Full-Text
Keywords: managed aquifer recharge; integrated water management; environmental restoration; water supply shortage; Comprehensive Everglades Restorage Plan managed aquifer recharge; integrated water management; environmental restoration; water supply shortage; Comprehensive Everglades Restorage Plan
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Missimer, T.M.; Guo, W.; Woolschlager, J.; Maliva, R.G. Long-Term Managed Aquifer Recharge in a Saline-Water Aquifer as a Critical Component of an Integrated Water Scheme in Southwestern Florida, USA. Water 2017, 9, 774.

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