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Water 2017, 9(10), 745; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100745

Integrating Ecological Restoration of Agricultural Non-Point Source Pollution in Poyang Lake Basin in China

1
Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding, Ministry of Education, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
2
Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Agricultural Efficient Water-Saving and Non-Point Source Pollution Preventing, Jiangxi Central Station of Irrigation Experiment, Nanchang 330201, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 August 2017 / Revised: 23 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 29 September 2017
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Abstract

This study addresses the excessive consumption of river basin water from the Poyang Lake area in China. Consumption of water for irrigation, together with the discharge of agricultural non-point source pollution, is seriously affecting the water quality of Poyang Lake. This study assesses the application of integrated ecological restoration technology for agricultural non-point source pollution in the Ganfu Plain Area, which is an important agricultural production base in the Poyang Lake basin. The results indicated that the water-fertilizer comprehensive regulation mode for double-cropping rice provided water savings of 10.4% and increased rice yield by 6.5% per hectare. Furthermore, it reduced drainage water pollution by 20.4%, and emissions of ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N), nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N), total phosphorus (TP), and total nitrogen (TN) from rice paddy surfaces by 18.6%, 11.1%, 15.4%, and 16.0%, respectively. The eco-channel–pond wetland system effectively reduced TN and TP pollutant levels in rice paddy drainage water; the eco-channel reduced TN and TP by 9.3% and 14.0%, respectively; and the pond wetland system showed reductions of 8.6% and 22.9%, respectively. The “three lines of defense” purification technology, including rice field source control, eco-channel interception, and pond wetland purification, removed 29.9% of TN and 44.3% of TP. View Full-Text
Keywords: pollution; integrated technology; water conservation; drainage; nitrogen; phosphorous; Poyang Lake Basin; wetland ponds pollution; integrated technology; water conservation; drainage; nitrogen; phosphorous; Poyang Lake Basin; wetland ponds
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Cai, S.; Shi, H.; Pan, X.; Liu, F.; Cui, Y.; Xie, H. Integrating Ecological Restoration of Agricultural Non-Point Source Pollution in Poyang Lake Basin in China. Water 2017, 9, 745.

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