Four pilot-scale non-planted constructed wetlands (CWs) were employed to study the fate and transport of the two dominant chloride salts contained in brine resulting from solution mining activities in the potash industry. The simulated brine contained a 10:1 ratio of NaCl:KCl based on authentic brine characteristics. The multi-layer soils functioned as a main salt filtering component comprising of Regina Clay, sand and gravels. The CW systems were operated in three batches of 16 days (experiments 1–3). K+
ions were removed by 92% (4.6 mg/L) from the effluent, while Cl−
were removed in lower proportions of 51% (85.3 mg/L) and 45% (53.2 mg/L), respectively. Over time, the retained quantities of the three target salt ions decreased, indicating that clay sorption capacity may have been reached. This study demonstrated that Regina Clay has substantial sorbent capacity for salt ions contained in simulated potash brine solution.
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