Next Article in Journal
Estimating Green Water Footprints in a Temperate Environment
Next Article in Special Issue
Can a Century Old Experiment Reveal Hidden Properties of Water?
Previous Article in Journal
Attribution of Precipitation Changes on a Regional Scale by Neural Network Modeling: A Case Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Water: Facts without Myths
Open AccessReview

X-ray and Neutron Diffraction in the Study of Organic Crystalline Hydrates

Department of Chemistry, University of Durham, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2010, 2(3), 333-350; https://doi.org/10.3390/w2030333
Received: 18 June 2010 / Revised: 5 July 2010 / Accepted: 6 July 2010 / Published: 9 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water: Facts without Myths)
A review. Diffraction methods are a powerful tool to investigate the crystal structure of organic compounds in general and their hydrates in particular. The laboratory standard technique of single crystal X-ray diffraction gives information about the molecular conformation, packing and hydrogen bonding in the crystal structure, while powder X-ray diffraction on bulk material can trace hydration/dehydration processes and phase transitions under non-ambient conditions. Neutron diffraction is a valuable complementary technique to X-ray diffraction and gives highly accurate hydrogen atom positions due to the interaction of the radiation with the atomic nuclei. Although not yet often applied to organic hydrates, neutron single crystal and neutron powder diffraction give precise structural data on hydrogen bonding networks which will help explain why hydrates form in the first place. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrate; single crystal diffraction; powder diffraction; neutrons; X-ray hydrate; single crystal diffraction; powder diffraction; neutrons; X-ray
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Fucke, K.; Steed, J.W. X-ray and Neutron Diffraction in the Study of Organic Crystalline Hydrates. Water 2010, 2, 333-350.

AMA Style

Fucke K, Steed JW. X-ray and Neutron Diffraction in the Study of Organic Crystalline Hydrates. Water. 2010; 2(3):333-350.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fucke, Katharina; Steed, Jonathan W. 2010. "X-ray and Neutron Diffraction in the Study of Organic Crystalline Hydrates" Water 2, no. 3: 333-350.

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop