Electronic Technology for Wastewater Treatment and Clean Water Production
2. Current Practices in Water Infrastructure
3. The Future of Infrastructure Sensing and Processing
- The sensing of other specialized properties, such as optical density, color, pH, conductivity, as well as sensor fusion and soft sensoring, which combine multiple measurable properties to indirectly construct measurements for other hardly measurable properties.
- High speed measurement. High sample-rate pressure meters are, as of yet, rarely used, but are rapidly becoming mainstream as the costs are now similar to the placement of pressure sensors. Data transmission is getting simpler and faster and data storage is generally not considered to be a significant hurdle. High speed pressure data can reveal transmission-line parameters for a given segment in terms of the flexibility of the pipe, or possibly even leak detection at a distance.
- Smart pipes, employing sensors integrated in the mains material are quickly becoming a reality , the detection of stress-strain relations, bending effects, crack detection, excavation activities nearby, tampering and other anomaly detection will be easily possible using these systems.
- Pipe inspection technologies can be used as well but are generally costly. Combining inspection data with other failure data, replacement, geographical, and load-history data with artificial intelligence seems a promising tool to help in this area and could improve failure prediction massively.
4. Call for Insight
Conflicts of Interest
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Yntema, D.R.; Geelen, C.V.C. Electronic Technology for Wastewater Treatment and Clean Water Production. Water 2022, 14, 1276. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14081276
Yntema DR, Geelen CVC. Electronic Technology for Wastewater Treatment and Clean Water Production. Water. 2022; 14(8):1276. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14081276Chicago/Turabian Style
Yntema, Doekle R., and Caspar V. C. Geelen. 2022. "Electronic Technology for Wastewater Treatment and Clean Water Production" Water 14, no. 8: 1276. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14081276