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Review

Plankton under Pressure: How Water Conditions Alter the Phytoplankton–Zooplankton Link in Coastal Lagoons

1
Department of Integrative Marine Ecology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Napoli, Italy
2
Ph.D. Program in Evolutionary Biology and Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Rome ‘Tor Vergata’, Via Della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma, Italy
3
Department of Biology and Evolution of Marine Organisms, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Napoli, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Arantza Iriarte
Water 2022, 14(6), 974; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14060974
Received: 23 December 2021 / Revised: 14 March 2022 / Accepted: 17 March 2022 / Published: 19 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Phytoplankton-Zooplankton Link under Anthropogenic Pressures)
Transitional waters (TWs), such as coastal lagoons, are bodies of surface water at the transition between saline and freshwater domains. These environments play a vital role in guaranteeing ecosystem services, including provision of food, protection against meteorological events, as anthropogenic carbon sinks, and in filtering of pollutants. Due to the escalating overpopulation characterising coastlines worldwide, transitional systems are over-exploited, degraded, and reduced in their macroscopic features. However, information on the impact of anthropogenic pressures on planktonic organisms in these systems is still scanty and fragmented. Herein, we summarise the literature, with a special focus on coastal lagoons undergoing anthropogenic pressure. Specifically, we report on the implications of human impacts on the ecological state of plankton, i.e., a fundamental ecological component of aquatic ecosystems. Literature information indicates that human forces may alter ecosystem structures and functions in coastal lagoons, as in other TWs such as estuaries, hampering the phytoplankton–zooplankton link, i.e., the main trophic process occurring in those communities, and which sustains aquatic productivity. Changes in the dominance and lifestyle of key planktonic players, plus the invasion of ‘alien’ species, and consequent regime shifts, are among the most common outcomes of human disturbance. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthropogenic impact; lagoons; plankton; transitional waters; trophic webs anthropogenic impact; lagoons; plankton; transitional waters; trophic webs
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MDPI and ACS Style

D’Alelio, D.; Russo, L.; Del Gaizo, G.; Caputi, L. Plankton under Pressure: How Water Conditions Alter the Phytoplankton–Zooplankton Link in Coastal Lagoons. Water 2022, 14, 974. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14060974

AMA Style

D’Alelio D, Russo L, Del Gaizo G, Caputi L. Plankton under Pressure: How Water Conditions Alter the Phytoplankton–Zooplankton Link in Coastal Lagoons. Water. 2022; 14(6):974. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14060974

Chicago/Turabian Style

D’Alelio, Domenico, Luca Russo, Gabriele Del Gaizo, and Luigi Caputi. 2022. "Plankton under Pressure: How Water Conditions Alter the Phytoplankton–Zooplankton Link in Coastal Lagoons" Water 14, no. 6: 974. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14060974

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