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Sustainability Assessment for Wastewater Treatment Systems in Developing Countries

1
Department of Integrated Biology and Biodiversity Research, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1180 Vienna, Austria
2
Centre of Environmental Management and Decision Support, 1180 Vienna, Austria
3
Department of Policy and Management Studies, TERI School of Advanced Studies, New Delhi 110070, India
4
Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai 400087, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carmen Teodosiu
Water 2022, 14(2), 241; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020241
Received: 6 December 2021 / Revised: 7 January 2022 / Accepted: 11 January 2022 / Published: 14 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wastewater Treatment and Management in Developing Countries)
As the assessment of the economic, environmental, institutional, and social sustainability of wastewater treatment systems may have several conceivable goals and intended recipients, there are numerous different approaches. This paper surveys certain aspects of sustainability assessment that may be of interest to the planners of wastewater treatment systems. Here, the key criteria assess the system’s costs and financing, including its affordability for the users, the environmental impact, the benefits for health and hygiene, the cultural acceptance of the system and its recycled products, the technical functioning, and the administrative, political, and legal framework for its construction and operation. A multi-criteria approach may then be used to analyze possible trade-offs and identify the most suitable system for a certain location. View Full-Text
Keywords: analytic hierarchy process (AHP); net present value (NPV); wastewater treatment system (WWTS); best available technology; ISO standards analytic hierarchy process (AHP); net present value (NPV); wastewater treatment system (WWTS); best available technology; ISO standards
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MDPI and ACS Style

Starkl, M.; Brunner, N.; Das, S.; Singh, A. Sustainability Assessment for Wastewater Treatment Systems in Developing Countries. Water 2022, 14, 241. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020241

AMA Style

Starkl M, Brunner N, Das S, Singh A. Sustainability Assessment for Wastewater Treatment Systems in Developing Countries. Water. 2022; 14(2):241. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020241

Chicago/Turabian Style

Starkl, Markus, Norbert Brunner, Sukanya Das, and Anju Singh. 2022. "Sustainability Assessment for Wastewater Treatment Systems in Developing Countries" Water 14, no. 2: 241. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020241

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