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Article

Economic Risk Potential of Infrastructure Failure Considering In-Land Waterways

1
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
2
TU Bergakademie Freiberg, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yunping Yang and Tianhong Li
Water 2022, 14(18), 2874; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182874
Received: 26 July 2022 / Revised: 25 August 2022 / Accepted: 28 August 2022 / Published: 15 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Development of Inland Waterways)
Purpose—Unreliable transport infrastructure can cause negative externalities for industries. In this article, we analyze how the private sector is affected by infrastructure failure of public transport infrastructure, using waterways as an example. Methodology—To investigate the affectedness of riparian industries, we chose two complementary parallel approaches: A proximity analysis via GIS, and a concluding survey among the identified waterway-dependent industries. An exemplary application is validated by stakeholders. Findings—We identify a predominance of location preferences in dependence on waterways for mining, chemical, and metal industries. Their risk tolerance exhibits potentially severe impacts on industries if reliable transport cannot be ensured via waterways, as our paper provides essential insights into the relationship between infrastructure failure and company decisions. Most importantly, we reveal that a lack of alternatives due to missing capacities of other transport modes causes realistic threats to business locations. Practical implications—include that a regional focus is crucial for the empirical risk assessment of transport infrastructure. Hence, the data collection should relate to the regional focus groups, particularly the directly affected industries. In addition, infrastructure maintenance should integrate a risk focus and consider the short and long-run impacts on industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: waterways; empirical; GIS; location analysis; risk perception waterways; empirical; GIS; location analysis; risk perception
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wehrle, R.; Wiens, M.; Neff, F.; Schultmann, F. Economic Risk Potential of Infrastructure Failure Considering In-Land Waterways. Water 2022, 14, 2874. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182874

AMA Style

Wehrle R, Wiens M, Neff F, Schultmann F. Economic Risk Potential of Infrastructure Failure Considering In-Land Waterways. Water. 2022; 14(18):2874. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182874

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wehrle, Rebecca, Marcus Wiens, Fabian Neff, and Frank Schultmann. 2022. "Economic Risk Potential of Infrastructure Failure Considering In-Land Waterways" Water 14, no. 18: 2874. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182874

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