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Article

Assessing Climate Adaptation and Flood Security Using a Benchmark System: Some Swedish Water Utilities as Good Learning Examples

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Department of Construction Engineering and Lighting Science, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, P.O. Box 1026, S-551 11 Jönköping, Sweden
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Division of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Piotr Matczak
Water 2022, 14(18), 2865; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182865
Received: 12 July 2022 / Revised: 22 August 2022 / Accepted: 5 September 2022 / Published: 14 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
The 2020 Sustainability Index (SI), a benchmark system, shows that 2% of the 184 municipal water and wastewater utilities (WWS) in Sweden have a good performance level (green), i.e., they meet all benchmark requirements for the “climate adaptation and flood safety” (“CA and FS”). In this study, ten Swedish WWS organizations were selected and studied in depth. The goal was to present them as good learning examples to inspire other utilities seeking to improve their results and to clarify and concretize the driving factors, strategies, and important explanations for their success, and the challenges they face. A total of 52 SI annual documents from ten utilities were analyzed. Six of their managers were interviewed in depth. One of the ten utilities studied was green on the parameter “CA and FS”. Flooding events in two utilities drove climate adaptation. The formation of an interdisciplinary group in two organizations had a major impact on their success. Two utilities focused on low-lying sites and enclosed spaces. Three believed capacity building increased their chances of success. The biggest challenge was sharing responsibility. That only 2% of municipal water and wastewater utilities are green is not the whole truth. Therefore, there should be other factors in SI that measure performance in “CA and FS”. To improve the results, new laws are needed to solve the problem of shared responsibility. View Full-Text
Keywords: action plan; benchmark; climate adaptation; flood security; Swedish water utilities; shared responsibility; vulnerability analysis action plan; benchmark; climate adaptation; flood security; Swedish water utilities; shared responsibility; vulnerability analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Najar, N.; Persson, K.M. Assessing Climate Adaptation and Flood Security Using a Benchmark System: Some Swedish Water Utilities as Good Learning Examples. Water 2022, 14, 2865. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182865

AMA Style

Najar N, Persson KM. Assessing Climate Adaptation and Flood Security Using a Benchmark System: Some Swedish Water Utilities as Good Learning Examples. Water. 2022; 14(18):2865. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182865

Chicago/Turabian Style

Najar, Nasik, and Kenneth M. Persson. 2022. "Assessing Climate Adaptation and Flood Security Using a Benchmark System: Some Swedish Water Utilities as Good Learning Examples" Water 14, no. 18: 2865. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182865

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