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Review

Groundwater Defluoridation with Composite Oxyhydroxide Mineral Ores—The Case with Bauxite, a Systematic Review

Thomas J.R. Faulkner College of Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change (CoSTECC), University of Liberia, P.O. Box 10-9020, Capitol Hill, Monrovia 1000, Liberia
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Academic Editor: Alessandro Erto
Water 2022, 14(18), 2829; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182829
Received: 19 July 2022 / Revised: 1 September 2022 / Accepted: 7 September 2022 / Published: 11 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Wastewater Treatment and Reuse)
Fluoride contamination of groundwater is a significant concern because of its detrimental impact on human health. Adsorption using composite oxyhydroxide mineral ores such as bauxite has demonstrated feasibility as an environmental remediation technique for rural and disadvantaged communities due to its cost-effective, environmentally friendly, generally acceptable, and adaptive characteristics. The effects of the composition, pretreatment methods, and influencing factors or parameters on the adsorptive defluoridation of groundwater by bauxite, as well as the adsorption mechanisms and the environmental advantages of using composite mineral ore in the remediation of fluoride from groundwater, are highlighted. Generally, the results indicated that some raw mineral assemblage adsorbents and their pretreated versions are better than or practically similar to current commercial fluoride filters. View Full-Text
Keywords: defluoridation; adsorption; environmental remediation; fluoride; bauxite; oxyhydroxide mineral; composite mineral ore; groundwater defluoridation; adsorption; environmental remediation; fluoride; bauxite; oxyhydroxide mineral; composite mineral ore; groundwater
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kromah, V.; Powoe, S.-P.B.; Asumana, C. Groundwater Defluoridation with Composite Oxyhydroxide Mineral Ores—The Case with Bauxite, a Systematic Review. Water 2022, 14, 2829. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182829

AMA Style

Kromah V, Powoe S-PB, Asumana C. Groundwater Defluoridation with Composite Oxyhydroxide Mineral Ores—The Case with Bauxite, a Systematic Review. Water. 2022; 14(18):2829. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182829

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kromah, Varney, Soehoe-Panhyonon Benedict Powoe, and Charles Asumana. 2022. "Groundwater Defluoridation with Composite Oxyhydroxide Mineral Ores—The Case with Bauxite, a Systematic Review" Water 14, no. 18: 2829. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182829

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