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Article

Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors That Influence Loss of Life in Sediment-Related Disasters

1
SABO Frontier Foundation, Tokyo 1020093, Japan
2
Department of Forest Science, Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 1138657, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yu Huang and Ian Prosser
Water 2022, 14(15), 2408; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152408
Received: 27 June 2022 / Accepted: 28 July 2022 / Published: 3 August 2022
Non-structural measures, including relocation from a hazard zone, land development regulations, and evacuation, are important sediment-related countermeasures. Such measures depend on the behaviour of residents and are affected by socio-economic conditions. In Japan, the declining birth rate and ageing population are expected to result in rapid changes in socio-economic conditions; accordingly, there is a need to evaluate the impact of such changes. However, there is no established methodology for the establishment of non-structural measures that considers the socio-economic conditions of all areas. Therefore, this study analysed the regional characteristics of disaster-affected areas with high numbers of casualties to elucidate the impact of socio-economic conditions. The results imply that severe losses occurred under various topographical and socio-economic conditions, such as in urban areas with high population densities and in mountainous areas with increasing depopulation. More data are needed, especially regarding socio-economic conditions. Importantly, the community-based analytical method used in this study enables a comparative analysis of disasters in different regions at different times. View Full-Text
Keywords: sediment-related disaster; non-structural measurement; socio-economic conditions; human loss; community-based analysis sediment-related disaster; non-structural measurement; socio-economic conditions; human loss; community-based analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chiba, M.; Furuido, H.; Shibasaki, S.; Haga, K. Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors That Influence Loss of Life in Sediment-Related Disasters. Water 2022, 14, 2408. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152408

AMA Style

Chiba M, Furuido H, Shibasaki S, Haga K. Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors That Influence Loss of Life in Sediment-Related Disasters. Water. 2022; 14(15):2408. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152408

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chiba, Miki, Hiromichi Furuido, Shigemitsu Shibasaki, and Kazuki Haga. 2022. "Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors That Influence Loss of Life in Sediment-Related Disasters" Water 14, no. 15: 2408. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152408

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