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Article

Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process and Geophysical Method for Groundwater Potential Mapping in the Tata Basin, Morocco

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Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir 80000, Morocco
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Laboratory for Sustainable Innovation and Applied Research, Universiapolis—International University of Agadir, Agadir 80000, Morocco
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Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakesh 40000, Morocco
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Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Beni-Mellal 23000, Morocco
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Department of Geology & Geophysics, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Geology, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram 695 581, Kerala, India
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Department of Geological & Mining Engineering & Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chin H Wu
Water 2022, 14(15), 2393; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152393
Received: 11 June 2022 / Revised: 24 July 2022 / Accepted: 1 August 2022 / Published: 2 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrogeology)
Ensuring water availability for agriculture and drinking water supply in semi-arid mountainous regions requires control of factors influencing groundwater availability. In most cases, the population draws its water needs from the alluvial aquifers close to villages that are already limited and influenced by current climatic change. In addition, the establishment of deep wells in the hard rock aquifers depletes the aquifer. Hence, understanding the factors influencing water availability is an urgent requirement. The use of geographic information system (GIS), and remote sensing (RS), together with decision-making methods like analytical hierarchy process (AHP) will be of good aid in this regard. In the Tata basin, located in SE Morocco, ten factors were used to explain the groundwater potentiality map (GWPM). Five categories of potential zones were determined: very low (8.67%), low (17.74%), moderate (46.77%), high (19.95%), and very high (6.87%). The efficiency of the AHP model is validated using the ROC curve (receiver operating characteristics) which revealed a good correlation between the high potential groundwater zones and the spatial distribution of high flow wells. Geophysical prospecting, using electrical resistivity profiles, has made it possible to propose new well sites. It corresponds to conductive resistivity zones that coincide with the intersection of hydrogeological lineaments. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater potential map; analytical hierarchy process; geographic information system; teledetection; geophysics; Morocco groundwater potential map; analytical hierarchy process; geographic information system; teledetection; geophysics; Morocco
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MDPI and ACS Style

Echogdali, F.Z.; Boutaleb, S.; Bendarma, A.; Saidi, M.E.; Aadraoui, M.; Abioui, M.; Ouchchen, M.; Abdelrahman, K.; Fnais, M.S.; Sajinkumar, K.S. Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process and Geophysical Method for Groundwater Potential Mapping in the Tata Basin, Morocco. Water 2022, 14, 2393. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152393

AMA Style

Echogdali FZ, Boutaleb S, Bendarma A, Saidi ME, Aadraoui M, Abioui M, Ouchchen M, Abdelrahman K, Fnais MS, Sajinkumar KS. Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process and Geophysical Method for Groundwater Potential Mapping in the Tata Basin, Morocco. Water. 2022; 14(15):2393. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152393

Chicago/Turabian Style

Echogdali, Fatima Zahra, Said Boutaleb, Amine Bendarma, Mohamed Elmehdi Saidi, Mohamed Aadraoui, Mohamed Abioui, Mohammed Ouchchen, Kamal Abdelrahman, Mohammed S. Fnais, and Kochappi Sathyan Sajinkumar. 2022. "Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process and Geophysical Method for Groundwater Potential Mapping in the Tata Basin, Morocco" Water 14, no. 15: 2393. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152393

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