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Review

Biowaste Valorization Using Hydrothermal Carbonization for Potential Wastewater Treatment Applications

Faculty of Materials Sciences and Engineering, University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
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Academic Editor: Andrea G. Capodaglio
Water 2022, 14(15), 2344; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152344
Received: 28 June 2022 / Revised: 16 July 2022 / Accepted: 27 July 2022 / Published: 29 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Wastewater Management in the Context of Circular Economy)
In today’s world, due to population increase, there are many alarming and potential catastrophic problems like climate change, environmental pollution and an enormous mass of wastes constantly produced by humankind to find innovative solutions for the management, recycling, and valorization of biowaste from agricultural production, food processing, and organic household residues. The search for sustainable and efficient wastewater treatment technologies has gained scientific interest recently; particular focus is on using biowaste to produce hydrochars (HCs) via the hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process used as adsorbent materials for dye, heavy metal, and emerging pollutant removal. HTC materials derived from renewable resources are an environmentally friendly and adequate way to adsorb pollutants such as organic and inorganic molecules from wastewaters. This review focuses on the advantages of the HTC process which lead to improved properties of the materials obtained, making them highly efficient in wastewater treatment. The information presented in this paper was derived from the most recent publications in the field. Future perspectives of HC materials should consider the possibilities of scale-up, pretreatment of biowastes, and the optimal parameters of the HTC process to produce HCs applied for pollutant removal from wastewaters. View Full-Text
Keywords: HTC; hydrocar; water decontamination; biowaste HTC; hydrocar; water decontamination; biowaste
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ţurcanu, A.A.; Matei, E.; Râpă, M.; Predescu, A.M.; Coman, G.; Predescu, C. Biowaste Valorization Using Hydrothermal Carbonization for Potential Wastewater Treatment Applications. Water 2022, 14, 2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152344

AMA Style

Ţurcanu AA, Matei E, Râpă M, Predescu AM, Coman G, Predescu C. Biowaste Valorization Using Hydrothermal Carbonization for Potential Wastewater Treatment Applications. Water. 2022; 14(15):2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152344

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ţurcanu, Anca Andreea, Ecaterina Matei, Maria Râpă, Andra Mihaela Predescu, George Coman, and Cristian Predescu. 2022. "Biowaste Valorization Using Hydrothermal Carbonization for Potential Wastewater Treatment Applications" Water 14, no. 15: 2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152344

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