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Article

Strategic Design and Delivery of Integrated Catchment Restoration Monitoring: Emerging Lessons from a 12-Year Study in the UK

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UNESCO Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
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Geography and Environmental Science, Tower Building, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
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APEM Ltd., Riverview, Embankment Business Park, Heaton Mersey, Stockport SK4 3GN, UK
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Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Strathallan House, Castle Business Park, Stirling FK9 4TZ, UK
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School of Applied Sciences, Sighthill Campus, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh EH11 4BN, UK
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The Tweed Foundation, Drygrange Steading, Roxburghshire, Melrose TD6 9DJ, UK
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British Geological Survey, The Lyell Centre, Research Avenue South, Edinburgh EH14 4AP, UK
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Trex Ecology, Leader View, 2 Banks Crescent, Crieff PH7 3SR, UK
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Cbec Eco-Engineering UK Ltd., The Green house, Beechwood Business Park North, Inverness IV2 3BL, UK
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Tweed Forum, Old Melrose Dairy Steading, Melrose TD6 9DF, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ian Prosser
Water 2022, 14(15), 2305; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152305
Received: 31 May 2022 / Revised: 20 July 2022 / Accepted: 21 July 2022 / Published: 25 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue River Restoration: Monitoring, Appraisal and Management)
Despite growing interest in river and catchment restoration, including a focus on nature-based solutions, assessing effectiveness of restoration programmes continues to prove a challenge. The development of the Eddleston Water project, the Scottish Government’s empirical study of the impact of implementing natural flood management measures on flood risk and habitat restoration, provides the opportunity to review restoration monitoring at a strategic and operational level for this long-running catchment restoration programme. The project has implemented an extensive range of restoration measures along the river and across the 69 km2 catchment. This paper reviews the monitoring strategy and assesses both how the monitoring network developed meets its strategic aims and what subsequent changes were made in monitoring design and implementation. Covering hydrology, hydromorphology and ecology, we explore how all three are integrated to provide a comprehensive assessment of restoration success. Lessons to help inform other river rehabilitation monitoring programmes include the importance of a scoping study and capturing the full range of environmental variables pre-restoration; the limitations of BACI designs; and the need to focus integrated monitoring on a process-based framework and impact cascade, whilst also covering the full trajectory of recovery. View Full-Text
Keywords: river restoration; monitoring; aquatic ecology; natural flood management river restoration; monitoring; aquatic ecology; natural flood management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Spray, C.; Black, A.; Bradley, D.; Bromley, C.; Caithness, F.; Dodd, J.; Hunt, J.; MacDonald, A.; Martinez Romero, R.; McDermott, T.; Moir, H.; Quinn, L.; Reid, H.; Robertson, H. Strategic Design and Delivery of Integrated Catchment Restoration Monitoring: Emerging Lessons from a 12-Year Study in the UK. Water 2022, 14, 2305. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152305

AMA Style

Spray C, Black A, Bradley D, Bromley C, Caithness F, Dodd J, Hunt J, MacDonald A, Martinez Romero R, McDermott T, Moir H, Quinn L, Reid H, Robertson H. Strategic Design and Delivery of Integrated Catchment Restoration Monitoring: Emerging Lessons from a 12-Year Study in the UK. Water. 2022; 14(15):2305. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152305

Chicago/Turabian Style

Spray, Chris, Andrew Black, David Bradley, Chris Bromley, Fiona Caithness, Jennifer Dodd, James Hunt, Alan MacDonald, Roberto Martinez Romero, Tommy McDermott, Hamish Moir, Lorraine Quinn, Helen Reid, and Hamish Robertson. 2022. "Strategic Design and Delivery of Integrated Catchment Restoration Monitoring: Emerging Lessons from a 12-Year Study in the UK" Water 14, no. 15: 2305. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152305

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