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Article

Artificial and Natural Water Bodies Change in China, 2000–2020

by 1,2,3, 1,2,4,*, 3,*, 5, 1,2,4, 1,2,4, 1,2,4 and 6
1
International Research Center of Big Data for Sustainable Development Goals, Beijing 100094, China
2
Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
3
School of Earth Sciences and Spatial Information Engineering, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan 411201, China
4
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
5
School of Geospatial Engineering and Science, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, China
6
Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Coastal Wetland Ecosystems, College of the Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas M. Missimer
Water 2022, 14(11), 1756; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111756
Received: 4 May 2022 / Revised: 24 May 2022 / Accepted: 26 May 2022 / Published: 30 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Remote Sensing Technology to Water-Related Ecosystems)
Artificial and natural water bodies, such as reservoirs, ponds, rivers and lakes, are important components of water-related ecosystems; they are also important indicators of the impact of human activities and climate change on surface water resources. However, due to the global and regional lack of artificial and natural water bodies data sets, understanding of the changes in water-related ecosystems under the dual impact of human activities and climate change is limited and scientific and effective protection and restoration actions are restricted. In this paper, artificial and natural water bodies data sets for China are developed for the years 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2020 based on satellite remote sensing surface water and artificial water body location sample data sets. The characteristics and causes of the temporal and spatial distributions of the artificial and natural water bodies are also analyzed. The results revealed that the area of artificial and natural water bodies in China shows an overall increasing trend, with obvious differences in spatial distribution during the last 20 years, and that the fluctuation range of artificial water bodies is smaller than that of natural water bodies. This research is critical for understanding the composition and long-term changes in China’s surface water system and for supporting and formulating scientific and rational strategies for water-related ecosystem protection and restoration. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial water body; natural water body; reservoir; surface water; water-related ecosystem artificial water body; natural water body; reservoir; surface water; water-related ecosystem
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Lu, S.; Zi, F.; Tang, H.; Li, M.; Li, X.; Fang, C.; Ikhumhen, H.O. Artificial and Natural Water Bodies Change in China, 2000–2020. Water 2022, 14, 1756. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111756

AMA Style

Wang Y, Lu S, Zi F, Tang H, Li M, Li X, Fang C, Ikhumhen HO. Artificial and Natural Water Bodies Change in China, 2000–2020. Water. 2022; 14(11):1756. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111756

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Yong, Shanlong Lu, Feng Zi, Hailong Tang, Mingyang Li, Xinru Li, Chun Fang, and Harrison Odion Ikhumhen. 2022. "Artificial and Natural Water Bodies Change in China, 2000–2020" Water 14, no. 11: 1756. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111756

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