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Article

Automated Extraction of Lake Water Bodies in Complex Geographical Environments by Fusing Sentinel-1/2 Data

by 1,2,3,4,5,6,7, 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,*, 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 and 8
1
Faculty of Geography, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650500, China
2
GIS Technology Research Center of Resource and Environment in Western China of Ministry of Education, Kunming 650500, China
3
Center for Geospatial Information Engineering and Technology of Yunnan Province, Kunming 650500, China
4
Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing, Universities in Yunnan, Kunming 650500, China
5
Center for Bay of Bengal Area Studies, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650500, China
6
Center for Myanmar Studies, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650500, China
7
Center for Cambodia Studies, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650500, China
8
Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kun Shi
Water 2022, 14(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010030
Received: 9 November 2021 / Revised: 14 December 2021 / Accepted: 17 December 2021 / Published: 23 December 2021
Lakes are an important component of global water resources. Lake water bodies extraction based on satellite remote sensing mainly utilizes optical or radar data. However, due to the influence of water quality, ground features with low reflectivity, and smooth surface features, it is still challenging to accurately extract water bodies in complex geographic environments. In this work, we proposed a lake water bodies extraction method by fusing Sentinel-1/2 data. Firstly, the proposed method analyzed the difference of the spectral polarization features between water and non-water in complex geographical environment. Then, the spectral polarization and water index were fused to multidimensional features by feature stacking. Finally, support vector machines are used to classify. Six typical lakes (including urban, mountains, and polluted and clean lakes) in China were used to verify the mapping accuracy. The results showed that extracting lake water bodies by fusing Sentinel-1/2 data had a better performance than using optical or radar data solely, all types of lakes achieved better extraction results, the overall accuracy of lake water extraction is improved by 3%, and the error of commission and omission is controlled within 6%. Comparative experiments indicate that combine radar polarization information with spectral information is helpful to improve the accuracy of different types of lakes extraction in complex geographical environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: lake water body; automated extraction; Sentinel-1/2; feature fusion; support vector machine; remote sensing; water index lake water body; automated extraction; Sentinel-1/2; feature fusion; support vector machine; remote sensing; water index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, M.; Hong, L.; Guo, J.; Zhu, A. Automated Extraction of Lake Water Bodies in Complex Geographical Environments by Fusing Sentinel-1/2 Data. Water 2022, 14, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010030

AMA Style

Li M, Hong L, Guo J, Zhu A. Automated Extraction of Lake Water Bodies in Complex Geographical Environments by Fusing Sentinel-1/2 Data. Water. 2022; 14(1):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Mengyun, Liang Hong, Jintao Guo, and Axing Zhu. 2022. "Automated Extraction of Lake Water Bodies in Complex Geographical Environments by Fusing Sentinel-1/2 Data" Water 14, no. 1: 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010030

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