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Article

Spatiotemporal Organic Carbon Distribution in the Capo Peloro Lagoon (Sicily, Italy) in Relation to Environmentally Sustainable Approaches

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Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn (SZN), National Institute of Biology, Ecology and Marine Biotechnology, RIMAR Department, Sicily Marine Centre, Contrada Porticatello 29, 98167 Messina, Italy
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Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, Viale F. Stagno d’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy
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Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Viale Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy
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Department of Biomedical, Dental and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Via Consolare Valeria 1, 98125 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jun Yang
Water 2022, 14(1), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010108
Received: 15 November 2021 / Revised: 18 December 2021 / Accepted: 29 December 2021 / Published: 4 January 2022
Transitional water environments represent very ecologically interesting areas, which provide various ecosystem services, both concerning biodiversity protection and sustainable fruition of resources. In this way, the evaluation of total carbon and its components, chlorophyll, and chemical and physical parameters is of fundamental importance to deepen the dynamics of these peculiar natural areas. Commercial interests linked to the biological resources of these areas are often not well exploited in relation to their sustainability, due to lack of knowledge. In this study, we investigated the distribution of total organic carbon, chlorophyll, and other related physical and chemical parameters in the natural Lagoon of Capo Peloro (Eastern Sicily), to deepen the knowledge on the carbon equilibrium of these transitional basins. Collected data showed different trends for all parameters, mainly related to different seasons and water exchanges with sea. The influences of primary production sources and farmed molluscs were not negligible and deserve to be further investigated in the future. The results obtained reveal good margins for the possibility of environmentally sustainable exploitation of natural resources in both basins, but at the same time, there is a need for a more detailed knowledge of anthropogenic impacts on the area. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaculture; carbon balance; coastal lagoon propierties; ecosystem properties; macroalgae cultivation; mollusc farming; primary production; sustainability; transitional waters aquaculture; carbon balance; coastal lagoon propierties; ecosystem properties; macroalgae cultivation; mollusc farming; primary production; sustainability; transitional waters
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanfilippo, M.; Albano, M.; Manganaro, A.; Capillo, G.; Spanò, N.; Savoca, S. Spatiotemporal Organic Carbon Distribution in the Capo Peloro Lagoon (Sicily, Italy) in Relation to Environmentally Sustainable Approaches. Water 2022, 14, 108. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010108

AMA Style

Sanfilippo M, Albano M, Manganaro A, Capillo G, Spanò N, Savoca S. Spatiotemporal Organic Carbon Distribution in the Capo Peloro Lagoon (Sicily, Italy) in Relation to Environmentally Sustainable Approaches. Water. 2022; 14(1):108. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010108

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanfilippo, Marilena, Marco Albano, Antonio Manganaro, Gioele Capillo, Nunziacarla Spanò, and Serena Savoca. 2022. "Spatiotemporal Organic Carbon Distribution in the Capo Peloro Lagoon (Sicily, Italy) in Relation to Environmentally Sustainable Approaches" Water 14, no. 1: 108. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010108

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