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Article

Hybrid Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Analysis for Selecting Discrete Preferable Groundwater Recharge Sites

1
Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100 Xanthi, Greece
2
Department of Geology, School of Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xianfang Song
Water 2022, 14(1), 107; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010107
Received: 30 November 2021 / Revised: 24 December 2021 / Accepted: 31 December 2021 / Published: 4 January 2022
This study proposes a hybrid fuzzy multi-criteria methodology for the selection of the most preferable site for applying managed aquifer recharge (MAR) systems by utilizing floodwaters. The use of MAR can increase water resources for later water utilization in case of drought. In this multi-criteria problem, seven recharge sites are under consideration, based on nine criteria, aiming to make a final list of their relative ranking. A fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) based on the logarithmic fuzzy preference programming (LFFP) method is used to determine the weights of criteria. LFFP is an optimization-based method that produces a priority vector from a fuzzy pairwise comparison matrix. Furthermore, fuzzy inference systems (FIS) based on the Mamdani approach are used to estimate the rating of each alternative with respect to the criterion examined, and then the final evaluation of the alternatives is obtained. A FIS is a fuzzy if–then rule-based system where the experts’ qualitative knowledge is translated into numerical reasoning for each individual criterion. The proposed methodology is applied in the aquifer system of the agricultural plain located to the southeast of the city of Xanthi in the Prefecture of Xanthi, NE Greece. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuzzy analytic hierarchy process; fuzzy inference systems; managed aquifer recharge; Xanthi plain fuzzy analytic hierarchy process; fuzzy inference systems; managed aquifer recharge; Xanthi plain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Papadopoulos, C.; Spiliotis, M.; Pliakas, F.; Gkiougkis, I.; Kazakis, N.; Papadopoulos, B. Hybrid Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Analysis for Selecting Discrete Preferable Groundwater Recharge Sites. Water 2022, 14, 107. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010107

AMA Style

Papadopoulos C, Spiliotis M, Pliakas F, Gkiougkis I, Kazakis N, Papadopoulos B. Hybrid Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Analysis for Selecting Discrete Preferable Groundwater Recharge Sites. Water. 2022; 14(1):107. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Papadopoulos, Christopher, Mike Spiliotis, Fotios Pliakas, Ioannis Gkiougkis, Nerantzis Kazakis, and Basil Papadopoulos. 2022. "Hybrid Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Analysis for Selecting Discrete Preferable Groundwater Recharge Sites" Water 14, no. 1: 107. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010107

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