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Article

Roman Aqueducts in Crete, Greece: Learning from the Past

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Hellenic Agricultural Organization “Demeter” (HAO-”Demeter”), Institute of Subtropical Plants, Olive Tree and Viticulture, 71300 Heraklion, Greece
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Union of Water Supply and Sewerage Enterprises, 41222 Larissa, Greece
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Architect, Honorary Director of the Archaeological Work and Studies, Department of the Ephorate of Antiquities of CHQ, 73300 Chania, Greece
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Department of Agriculture, School of Agricultural Science, Hellenic Mediterranean University, 71300 Heraklion, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alistair Borthwick
Water 2021, 13(8), 1069; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081069
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 2 April 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Scarcity: From Ancient to Modern Times and the Future)
The Romans were well aware of the strategic importance of Crete and tried, by any means possible, its final conquest. The island was under Roman rule over four centuries (ca 67 BC–330 AD). Under Roman rule, Crete witnessed a growth of its population and prosperity and an increase in its connectivity with other parts of the Empire. In addition, Gortys, Chersonisos, Elyros, Lyttos, Kissamos and other cities flourished under their rule. At that prosperous time, several luxurious infrastructures, such as hydraulic works, were developed. In this paper, we wish to examine the principles and the technical characteristics of major aqueducts built at that time. They constructed impressive hydro-works, such as aqueducts, by using the knowledge gained from earlier Greek civilizations in Minoan and Classical and Hellenistic times. However, they mainly increased the scale of applied technologies to support the increased population water demand. Water is a common need of humankind and several ancient civilizations developed simple but practical techniques, such as the aqueduct, especially during Roman times. We can gain from their experience and knowledge to develop a sustainable water supply, presently and in the future, both in developed and developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: ancient civilizations; aqueducts; Chersonisos; Elyros; Falassarna; Fountana; Gavdos; Gortys; Kissamos; Syia; Lyttos; Minoa ancient civilizations; aqueducts; Chersonisos; Elyros; Falassarna; Fountana; Gavdos; Gortys; Kissamos; Syia; Lyttos; Minoa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Angelakis, A.N.; Christodoulakos, Y.; Tzanakakis, V.A. Roman Aqueducts in Crete, Greece: Learning from the Past. Water 2021, 13, 1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081069

AMA Style

Angelakis AN, Christodoulakos Y, Tzanakakis VA. Roman Aqueducts in Crete, Greece: Learning from the Past. Water. 2021; 13(8):1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081069

Chicago/Turabian Style

Angelakis, Andreas N.; Christodoulakos, Yannis; Tzanakakis, Vasileios A. 2021. "Roman Aqueducts in Crete, Greece: Learning from the Past" Water 13, no. 8: 1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081069

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