Next Article in Journal
Integration of Constructed Floodplain Ponds into Nature-Like Fish Passes Supports Fish Diversity in a Heavily Modified Water Body
Next Article in Special Issue
Water ‘Apartheid’ and the Significance of Human Rights Principles of Affirmative Action in South Africa
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluating the Impact of Streamflow Rating Curve Precision on Firm Energy of Hydropower Plants
Previous Article in Special Issue
Equity vs. Efficiency and the Human Right to Water
Article

Challenges to Water Management in Ecuador: Legal Authorization, Quality Parameters, and Socio-Political Responses

1
School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, 3700 O Street NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA
2
Colegio de Jurisprudencia, Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Diego de Robles y Vía Interoceánica, 17-1200-841 Quito, Ecuador
3
Galapagos Science Center, Universidad San Francisco de Quito and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Alsacio Northia Avenue, 200150 Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, Ecuador
4
Colegio de Ciencias e Ingenierías, Instituto Biósfera, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Diego de Robles y Vía Interoceánica, 17-1200-841 Quito, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Bruce M. Wilson and Athanasions Loukas
Water 2021, 13(8), 1017; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081017
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 25 March 2021 / Accepted: 31 March 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Politics of the Human Right to Water)
Ecuador has historically had a unique experience with water law, management, and policy as a result of its constitutional declaration of water access as a human right. In this paper, the legal, environmental, economic, and social aspects related to water management in Ecuador are analyzed. In doing so, the incorporation of local governance structures such as water users’ associations (WUAs) are characterized within a national model of authorization under SENAGUA, Ecuador’s former water agency, highlighting the importance of integrated management for meeting the country’s geographically and environmentally diverse needs. Additionally, the role of anthropogenic activities such as crude oil production, artisanal and small-scale gold (ASGM) mining, agriculture, sewage discharge, and domestic practices are evaluated in the context of policy implementation and environmental quality concerns. Finally, individual and community-level responses are explored, highlighting the importance of geographically specific perceptions of water rights and quality in the adoption of coping strategies. In these ways, a multi-faceted analysis of Ecuadorian water policy shaped by community-level engagement, geographic diversity, and influential economic sectors is developed. This study highlights the need for increased financial and legislative support around extractive and polluting industries such as agriculture, ASGM, and sewage treatment for long-term safety and sustainability of water access in Ecuador. Additionally, increased efforts to educate industry-specific workers, local management boards, and individuals about potential solutions to water-related challenges will help improve the efficiency of current legislation. Finally, this study underscores a need for additional research related to water quality and sustainability in Ecuador, as well as for the social, economic, and environmentally specific factors that influence water security outcomes in the country. View Full-Text
Keywords: water management; legal authorization; environmental; economic; socio-political responses water management; legal authorization; environmental; economic; socio-political responses
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wingfield, S.; Martínez-Moscoso, A.; Quiroga, D.; Ochoa-Herrera, V. Challenges to Water Management in Ecuador: Legal Authorization, Quality Parameters, and Socio-Political Responses. Water 2021, 13, 1017. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081017

AMA Style

Wingfield S, Martínez-Moscoso A, Quiroga D, Ochoa-Herrera V. Challenges to Water Management in Ecuador: Legal Authorization, Quality Parameters, and Socio-Political Responses. Water. 2021; 13(8):1017. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wingfield, Sarah; Martínez-Moscoso, Andrés; Quiroga, Diego; Ochoa-Herrera, Valeria. 2021. "Challenges to Water Management in Ecuador: Legal Authorization, Quality Parameters, and Socio-Political Responses" Water 13, no. 8: 1017. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081017

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop