A suitable groundwater level is an important condition to maintain the stability of the vegetation community, especially in arid and semi-arid areas. The surface of Qian’an County in Western Jilin Province is often accompanied by salinization due to the influence of natural and human factors. In order to maintain the healthy development of ecological vegetation and reduce the risk of soil salinization, the concept of an ecological threshold of groundwater level is proposed, and two methods are used to determine the reasonable ecological threshold of groundwater. (1) Based on field investigation and indoor experiment, the data layer of soil texture, land use type and groundwater mineralization degree in the research area was established by using remote sensing technology and GIS technology. According to the thickness of vegetation root layer and the height of capillary rise of different soil and water types, the influence of groundwater salinity is considered, and the sum of the two is taken as the ecological threshold of groundwater in the study area. The reasonable threshold value of suitable growth of various vegetation crops is 3.76~5.66 m. (2) According to the relationship between the normalized vegetation index (NDVI) and the groundwater buried depth and phreatic salt, the groundwater buried depth and the mineralization degree under the best vegetation cover are analyzed as follows: the buried depth of groundwater is between 4.8 m and 6.1 m, and the salinity of groundwater is between 0.37 and 1.25 g/L, which are reasonable groundwater properties in the study area of the ecological threshold. This result not only enriches and broadens the content of groundwater research, but also helps to predict the prospect of water resource development.
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