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Article

Comparison between the Lagrangian and Eulerian Approach in Simulation of Free Surface Air-Core Vortices

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15914, Iran
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Helena M. Ramos
Water 2021, 13(5), 726; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050726
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 22 February 2021 / Accepted: 3 March 2021 / Published: 7 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics)
The problematic consequences regarding formation of air-core vortices at the intakes and the drastic necessity of a thorough investigation into the phenomenon has resulted in particular attention being placed on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) as an economically viable method. Two main approaches could be taken using CFD, namely the Eulerian and Lagrangian methods each of which is characterized by specific advantages and disadvantages. Whereas many researchers have used the Eulerian approach for vortex simulation, the Lagrangian approach has not been found in the literature. The present study dealt with the comparison of the Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches in the simulation of vortex flow. Simulations based on both approaches were carried out by solving the Navier–Stokes equations accompanied by the LES turbulence model. The results of the numerical model were evaluated in accordance with a physical model for steady vortex flow using particle image velocimetry (PIV), revealing that both approaches are sufficiently capable of simulating the vortex flow but with the difference that the Lagrangian method has greater computational cost with less accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: air-core vortices; Lagrangian method; SPH; PIV; experimental model air-core vortices; Lagrangian method; SPH; PIV; experimental model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Azarpira, M.; Zarrati, A.R.; Farrokhzad, P. Comparison between the Lagrangian and Eulerian Approach in Simulation of Free Surface Air-Core Vortices. Water 2021, 13, 726. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050726

AMA Style

Azarpira M, Zarrati AR, Farrokhzad P. Comparison between the Lagrangian and Eulerian Approach in Simulation of Free Surface Air-Core Vortices. Water. 2021; 13(5):726. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050726

Chicago/Turabian Style

Azarpira, Maryam, Amir R. Zarrati, and Pouya Farrokhzad. 2021. "Comparison between the Lagrangian and Eulerian Approach in Simulation of Free Surface Air-Core Vortices" Water 13, no. 5: 726. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050726

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