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Article

Upstream Solutions to Downstream Problems: Investing in Rural Natural Infrastructure for Water Quality Improvement and Flood Risk Mitigation

1
Environmental Defense Fund, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA
2
Environmental Defense Fund, Washington, DC 20009, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Mimikou
Water 2021, 13(24), 3579; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243579
Received: 29 October 2021 / Revised: 3 December 2021 / Accepted: 6 December 2021 / Published: 14 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water, Agriculture and Aquaculture)
Communities across the globe are experiencing degraded water quality as well as inland flooding, and these problems are anticipated to worsen with climate change. We review the evidence that implementing natural infrastructure in upstream agricultural landscapes could improve water quality and reduce flood risk for downstream communities. Based on our analysis, we identify a suite of natural infrastructure measures that provide the greatest benefits, and which could be prioritized for investment by downstream communities and regional leadership, with an emphasis on systems that minimize loss of productive agricultural land. Our results suggest that the restoration of wetlands and floodplains are likely to provide the greatest benefits for both water quality improvement and flood risk reduction. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural infrastructure; water quality; flood mitigation; hydrologic modeling; watershed planning natural infrastructure; water quality; flood mitigation; hydrologic modeling; watershed planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Suttles, K.M.; Eagle, A.J.; McLellan, E.L. Upstream Solutions to Downstream Problems: Investing in Rural Natural Infrastructure for Water Quality Improvement and Flood Risk Mitigation. Water 2021, 13, 3579. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243579

AMA Style

Suttles KM, Eagle AJ, McLellan EL. Upstream Solutions to Downstream Problems: Investing in Rural Natural Infrastructure for Water Quality Improvement and Flood Risk Mitigation. Water. 2021; 13(24):3579. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243579

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suttles, Kelly M., Alison J. Eagle, and Eileen L. McLellan. 2021. "Upstream Solutions to Downstream Problems: Investing in Rural Natural Infrastructure for Water Quality Improvement and Flood Risk Mitigation" Water 13, no. 24: 3579. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243579

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