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Article

Drinking Water Insecurity in Southwest Coastal Bangladesh: How Far to SDG 6.1?

1
School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85281, USA
2
Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore 7408, Bangladesh
3
Department of Climate and Disaster Management, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore 7408, Bangladesh
4
Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Matthias Finkbeiner
Water 2021, 13(24), 3571; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243571
Received: 30 October 2021 / Revised: 5 December 2021 / Accepted: 8 December 2021 / Published: 13 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Present and Future of Drinking Water Supplies in Low-Income Regions)
Substantial progress has been seen in the drinking water supply as per the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), but achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), particularly SGD 6.1 regarding safely managed drinking water with much more stringent targets, is considered as a development challenge. The problem is more acute in low-income water-scarce hard-to-reach areas such as the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh, where complex hydrogeological conditions and adverse water quality contribute to a highly vulnerable and insecure water environment. Following the background, this study investigated the challenges and potential solutions to drinking water insecurity in a water-scarce area of southwest coastal Bangladesh using a mixed-methods approach. The findings revealed that water insecurity arises from unimproved, deteriorated, unaffordable, and unreliable sources that have significant time and distance burdens. High rates of technical dysfunction of the existing water infrastructure contribute to water insecurity as well. Consequently, safely managed water services are accessible to only 12% of the population, whereas 64% of the population does not have basic water. To reach the SDG 6.1 target, this underserved community needs well-functioning readily accessible water infrastructure with formal institutional arrangement rather than self-governance, which seems unsuccessful in this low-income context. This study will help the government and its development partners in implementing SDG action plans around investments to a reliable supply of safe water to the people living in water-scarce hard-to-reach coastal areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking water insecurity; sustainable development goal; safely managed water; low-income region; coastal Bangladesh drinking water insecurity; sustainable development goal; safely managed water; low-income region; coastal Bangladesh
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hossain, M.J.; Chowdhury, M.A.; Jahan, S.; Zzaman, R.U.; Islam, S.L.U. Drinking Water Insecurity in Southwest Coastal Bangladesh: How Far to SDG 6.1? Water 2021, 13, 3571. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243571

AMA Style

Hossain MJ, Chowdhury MA, Jahan S, Zzaman RU, Islam SLU. Drinking Water Insecurity in Southwest Coastal Bangladesh: How Far to SDG 6.1? Water. 2021; 13(24):3571. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243571

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hossain, Mohammad J., Md. A. Chowdhury, Sayka Jahan, Rashed U. Zzaman, and Syed L.U. Islam. 2021. "Drinking Water Insecurity in Southwest Coastal Bangladesh: How Far to SDG 6.1?" Water 13, no. 24: 3571. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243571

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