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Article

Water Resources and Governance Approaches: Insights for Achieving Water Security

1
Departamento de Sistemas Acuáticos, Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales y Centro EULA, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 4070386, Chile
2
Water Research Center for Agriculture and Mining (CRHIAM), Concepción 4070411, Chile
3
Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad del Desarrollo, Concepción 4070001, Chile
4
Center of Applied Ecology and Sustainability (CAPES), Santiago 7820244, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fernando António Leal Pacheco, Antonio Lo Porto and Luís Filipe Sanches Fernandes
Water 2021, 13(21), 3063; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213063
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 22 October 2021 / Accepted: 26 October 2021 / Published: 2 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Security and Governance in Catchments)
Integrated river basin management (IRBM) has been proposed as a means to achieve water security (WS), maximizing economic and social well-being in an equitable manner and maintaining ecosystem sustainability. IRBM is regulated by a governance process that benefits the participation of different actors and institutions; however, it has been difficult to reach a consensus on what good governance means and which governance perspective is better for achieving it. In this paper, we explore the concept of “good water governance” through the analysis of different governance approaches: experimental (EG), corporate (CG), polycentric (PG), metagovernance (MG) and adaptive (AG) governances. We used the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) water governance dimensions (effectiveness, efficiency and trust and engagement) as a “good enough water governance” that regards water governance as a process rather than an end in itself. Results indicate that each of the five governance theories presents challenges and opportunities to achieve a good governance process that can be operationalized through IRBM, and we found that these approaches can be adequately integrated if they are combined to overcome the challenges that their exclusive application implies. Our analysis suggests that a combination of AG and MG encompasses the OECD water governance dimensions, in terms of understanding “good enough water governance” as a process and a means to perform IRBM. In order to advance towards WS, the integration of different governance approaches must consider the context-specific nature of the river basin, in relation to its ecologic responses and socioeconomic characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: water management; integrated river basin management; water security; good governance water management; integrated river basin management; water security; good governance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Julio, N.; Figueroa, R.; Ponce Oliva, R.D. Water Resources and Governance Approaches: Insights for Achieving Water Security. Water 2021, 13, 3063. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213063

AMA Style

Julio N, Figueroa R, Ponce Oliva RD. Water Resources and Governance Approaches: Insights for Achieving Water Security. Water. 2021; 13(21):3063. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Julio, Natalia, Ricardo Figueroa, and Roberto D. Ponce Oliva. 2021. "Water Resources and Governance Approaches: Insights for Achieving Water Security" Water 13, no. 21: 3063. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213063

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