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Article

Changes in Selected Water Quality Parameters in the Utrata River as a Function of Catchment Area Land Use

1
Independent Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Agriculture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Biometry, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Layla Ben Ayed, Eleni Golomazou, Panagiotis Karanis, Patrick Scheid, Ourania Tzoraki, Anna Lass and Muhammad Shahid Iqbal
Water 2021, 13(21), 2989; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212989
Received: 13 September 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 19 October 2021 / Published: 22 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Solutions for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene)
Surface waters are very important for society, as they are a source of potable water, as well a water supply for agricultural, industrial and recreational purposes. This paper presents changes in the quality of the water in the Utrata River, along its entire length, as a function of the catchment area’s land use. Water-quality measurements were carried out once a month for a total period of one year (April 2019–March 2020) at 24 measurement points. The concentrations of the following compounds were measured: total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen, dissolved oxygen, and chemical oxygen demand. The results were compared with the limit values specified in the Regulation of the Minister of Maritime Economy and Inland Navigation. In order to determine the impact of land use on water quality in the Utrata River, principal component analyses (PCA) were conducted. The research demonstrated a considerably negative impact of agricultural land use and the presence of urban areas on the water quality of the Utrata River, with elevated concentrations of total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen and COD, and decreasing concentrations of dissolved oxygen. The presented results point to the need for effective strategies to mitigate the adverse impact of agriculture and urbanisation on the environment and surface waters. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; rivers; biogenic substances; phosphorus; nitrogen; dissolved oxygen; chemical oxygen demand; PCA water quality; rivers; biogenic substances; phosphorus; nitrogen; dissolved oxygen; chemical oxygen demand; PCA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dębska, K.; Rutkowska, B.; Szulc, W.; Gozdowski, D. Changes in Selected Water Quality Parameters in the Utrata River as a Function of Catchment Area Land Use. Water 2021, 13, 2989. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212989

AMA Style

Dębska K, Rutkowska B, Szulc W, Gozdowski D. Changes in Selected Water Quality Parameters in the Utrata River as a Function of Catchment Area Land Use. Water. 2021; 13(21):2989. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212989

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dębska, Katarzyna, Beata Rutkowska, Wiesław Szulc, and Dariusz Gozdowski. 2021. "Changes in Selected Water Quality Parameters in the Utrata River as a Function of Catchment Area Land Use" Water 13, no. 21: 2989. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212989

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